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Topic: Kush in the Nile Valley 

World History

 Standard 7.  Understands technological and cultural innovation and change from 1000 to 600 BCE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 4.Understands major technological, military, and political events in the development of Kushite society (e.g., the importance of Nile Valley trade and the decline of the New Kingdom as factors in the rise of the Kushite state in the 1st millennium BCE, how iron was used in Kushite society and which uses were most important to the kingdom)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands major technological events in the development of Kushite society
     2.Understands major military events in the development of Kushite society
     3.Understands major political events in the development of Kushite society
     4.Understands the importance of Nile Valley trade and the decline of the New Kingdom as factors in the rise of the Kushite state in the 1st millennium BCE
     5.Understands how iron was used in Kushite society and which uses were most important to the kingdom
   Benchmark 6.Understands geographical and architectural features of Egypt and Kush (e.g., the locations of Egypt and Kush on the African continent and the geographic features that either assisted or hampered communication between these two kingdoms, what architectural evidence suggests about the relationship between Egypt and Kush)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows geographical features of Egypt and Kush
     2.Knows architectural features of Egypt and Kush
     3.Knows the locations of Egypt and Kush on the African continent
     4.Knows the geographic features that either assisted or hampered communication between the kingdoms of Egypt and Kush
     5.Knows what architectural evidence suggests about the relationship between Egypt and Kush
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 5.Understands cultural elements of Kush society and their interaction with Egyptian civilization (e.g., the linguistic, architectural, and artistic achievements of Kush in the Meroitic period; how Assyrian and Kushite invasions affected Egyptian society; the social and political consequences of economic contacts between Kush and Egypt)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands cultural elements of Kush society
     2.Understands the interaction of Kush society with Egyptian civilization
     3.Knows the linguistic achievements of Kush in the Meroitic period
     4.Knows the architectural achievements of Kush in the Meroitic period
     5.Knows the artistic achievements of Kush in the Meroitic period
     6.Understands how Assyrian and Kushite invasions affected Egyptian society
     7.Understands the social consequences of economic contacts between Kush and Egypt
     8.Understands the political consequences of economic contacts between Kush and Egypt
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands how Kush culture interacted with or reflected characteristics of other civilizations (e.g., the importance of political, commercial, and cultural relations between Egypt and Kush; how Kush could be viewed as a cultural satellite of Egypt, or its own distinctive civilization or both, and the evidence used to support such arguments; how Kushite achievements during the Meroitic period might have been seen by contemporaries in the Nile Delta, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Assyria)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of political relations between Egypt and Kush
     2.Understands the importance of commercial relations between Egypt and Kush
     3.Understands the importance of cultural relations between Egypt and Kush
     4.Understands how Kush could be viewed as a cultural satellite of Egypt
     5.Understands how Kush could be viewed as its own distinctive civilization
     6.Understands how Kush could be viewed as a cultural satellite of Egypt as well as its own distinctive civilization
     7.Knows evidence used to support arguments about whether Kush was cultural satellite of Egypt or its own distinctive civilization
     8.Understands how Kushite achievements during the Meroitic period might have been seen by contemporaries in the Nile Delta
     9.Understands how Kushite achievements during the Meroitic period might have been seen by contemporaries in Sub Saharan Africa
     10.Understands how Kushite achievements during the Meroitic period might have been seen by contemporaries in Assyria