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Topic: Revolutionary War 

United States History

 Standard 6.  Understands the causes of the American Revolution, the ideas and interests involved in shaping the revolutionary movement, and reasons for the American victory
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 4.Understands the major developments and chronology of the Revolutionary War and the roles of its political, military, and diplomatic leaders (e.g., George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Samuel Adams, John Hancock, Richard Henry Lee)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the major developments of the Revolutionary War
     2.Understands the chronology of the Revolutionary War
     3.Understands the role of political leaders in the Revolutionary War
     4.Understands the role of military leaders in the Revolutionary War
     5.Understands the role of diplomatic leaders in the Revolutionary War
     6.Understands the role of George Washington in the Revolutionary War
     7.Understands the role of Benjamin Franklin in the Revolutionary War
     8.Understands the role of Thomas Jefferson in the Revolutionary War
     9.Understands the role of John Adams in the Revolutionary War
     10.Understands the role of Samuel Adams in the Revolutionary War
     11.Understands the role of John Hancock in the Revolutionary War
     12.Understands the role of Richard Henry Lee in the Revolutionary War
   Benchmark 5.Understands perspectives of and the roles played in the American Revolution by various groups of people (e.g., men, women, white settlers, free and enslaved African-Americans, and Native Americans)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the perspectives of various groups of people in the American Revolution
     2.Understands the roles played by various groups of people in the American Revolution
     3.Understands the perspective and role played by men in the American Revolution
     4.Understands the perspective and role played by white settlers in the American Revolution
     5.Understands the perspective and role played by free African-Americans in the American Revolution
     6.Understands the perspective and role played by enslaved African-Americans in the American Revolution
     7.Understands the perspective and role played by Native Americans in the American Revolution
   Benchmark 6.Understands the United States’ relationships with European countries and the contributions of each European power to the outcome of the Revolution (e.g., relations with France, Holland and Spain; consequences of the Treaty of Paris; Ben Franklin’s negotiations with the French)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the United States’ relationship with European countries during the American Revolution
     2.Understands the contributions of each European power to the outcome of the American Revolution
     3.Understands the United States’ relationship with France during the American Revolution
     4.Understands the United States’ relationship with Holland during the American Revolution
     5.Understands the United States’ relationship with Spain during the American Revolution
     6.Understands the consequences of the Treaty of Paris for the outcome of the Revolution
     7.Knows about Ben Franklin’s negotiations with the French during the American Revolution
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the strategic elements of the Revolutionary War (e.g., how the Americans won the war against superior British resources, American and British military leaders, major military campaigns)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the Americans won the war against superior British resources
     2.Knows about American military leaders in the Revolutionary War
     3.Knows about British military leaders in the Revolutionary War
     4.Knows about the major military campaigns of the Revolutionary War
   Benchmark 4.Understands the impact of European countries and individual Europeans on the American victory (e.g., + interest, goals, and actions of France, Holland, and Spain; contributions of European individuals)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the impact of European countries on the American victory
     2.Understands the contributions of individual Europeans on the American victory
     3.Understands how the positive interest of European countries impacted the American victory
     4.Understands how the actions of France impacted the American victory
     5.Understands how the actions of Holland impacted the American victory
     6.Understands how the actions of Spain impacted the American victory
   Benchmark 5.Understands the terms of the Treaty of Paris and implications for U.S. relationships with Native Americans and European powers who still held interests and territory in North America
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the terms of the Treaty of Paris
     2.Understands the implications of the Treaty of Paris for U.S. relationships with Native Americans
     3.Understands the implications of the Treaty of Paris for U.S. relationships with European powers who still held interests and territory in North America
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Understands the major political and strategic factors that led to the American victory in the Revolutionary War (e.g., the importance of the Battle of Saratoga, the use of guerilla and conventional warfare, the importance of King’s Mountain in defining the war)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the major political factors that led to the American victory in the Revolutionary War
     2.Understands the major strategic factors that led to the American victory in the Revolutionary War
     3.Understands the importance of the Battle of Saratoga for the American victory in the Revolutionary War
     4.Understands the importance of the use of guerilla and conventional warfare for the American victory in the Revolutionary War
     5.Understands the importance of King’s Mountain in defining the Revolutionary War
   Benchmark 5.Understands the social and economic impact of the Revolutionary War (e.g., problems of financing the war, wartime inflation, hoarding and profiteering; personal impact and economic hardship on families involved in the war)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the social impact of the Revolutionary War
     2.Understands the economic impact of the Revolutionary War
     3.Understands the problems of financing the Revolutionary War
     4.Knows about hoarding during the Revolutionary War
     5.Knows about profiteering during the Revolutionary War
     6.Understands the personal impact on families involved in the Revolutionary War
     7.Understands the economic hardship on families in the Revolutionary War
   Benchmark 6.Understands contributions of European nations during the American Revolution and how their involvement influenced the outcome and aftermath (e.g., the assistance of France and Spain in the war, how self-interests of France and Spain differed from those of the United States after the war, the effect of American diplomatic initiatives and the contributions of the European military leaders on the outcome of the war)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands contributions of European nations during the American Revolution
     2.Understands how European involvement influenced the outcome of the Revolutionary War
     3.Understands how European involvement influenced the aftermath of the Revolutionary War
     4.Knows about the assistance of France in the Revolutionary War
     5.Knows about the assistance of Spain in the Revolutionary War
     6.Understands how the self-interests of France differed from those of the United States after the Revolutionary War
     7.Understands how the self-interests of Spain differed from those of the United States after the Revolutionary War
     8.Understands the effect of American diplomatic initiatives on the outcome of the Revolutionary War
     9.Understands the effect of contributions of the European military leaders on the outcome of the Revolutionary War
   Benchmark 7.Understands how the Treaty of Paris influenced U.S. relations with other countries and indigenous peoples (e.g., the resulting boundary disputes with Spain; influences on economic and strategic interests of the United States, Native Americans, Spain, England, and France; the impact of the Jay Gardoqui Treaty of 1786)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the Treaty of Paris influenced U.S. relations with other countries
     2.Understands how the Treaty of Paris influenced U.S. relations with indigenous peoples
     3.Understands how the Treaty of Paris influenced the resulting boundary disputes with Spain
     4.Understands the influences of the Treaty of Paris on economic interests of the United States
     5.Understands the influences of the Treaty of Paris on strategic interests of the United States
     6.Understands the influences of the Treaty of Paris on U.S. relations with Native Americans
     7.Understands the influences of the Treaty of Paris on U.S. relations with Spain
     8.Understands the influences of the Treaty of Paris on U.S. relations with England
     9.Understands the influences of the Treaty of Paris on U.S. relations with France
     10.Understands how the Treaty of Paris influenced the impact of the Jay Gardoqui Treaty of 1786
   Benchmark 9.Understands the military and diplomatic factors that helped produce the Treaty of Paris
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the military factors that helped produce the Treaty of Paris
     2.Understands the diplomatic factors that helped produce the Treaty of Paris