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Topic: Receptive language 

Early Childhood

 Standard 5.  Children develop the ability to communicate
  0-9 months
   Benchmark 1.Responds to familiar words with gestures or facial expressions (e.g., responds to his/her name, smiles or waves arms upon hearing the word "bottle" or "daddy," lifts arms when an adult says “up”)
   Benchmark 2.Responds to tone of voice with sounds, gestures, or facial expressions (e.g., shows preference for familiar human voices over other sounds, makes a worried face in response to a stern voice, pays attention to the language used in his/her home, imitates vocalizations and sounds)
  8-18 months
   Benchmark 1.Responds to the language of others (e.g., enjoys the sounds and rhythms of language, pays attention to what the speaker is looking at or pointing to, cries in response to sudden loud noises or angry voices)
   Benchmark 2.Shows understanding of simple questions and one-step requests in a familiar context (e.g., looks at an object when asked where it is; responds appropriately to directions such as waving bye-bye, retrieving an object, or sitting down)
  16-36 months
   Benchmark 1.Shows interest in songs, rhymes, and stories (e.g., fills in missing words in a rhyming pattern, laughs when told a silly rhyme or story, listens to books with educators for longer periods of time)
   Benchmark 2.Understands comments, statements, and two-step requests that refer to complex concepts such as time and feelings (e.g., “How do you feel about visiting the doctor tomorrow?”) and positions in space (e.g., “Please put your cup on the table.”)