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Topic: Tools, machines, and materials 

Technology

 Standard 3.  Understands the relationships among science, technology, society, and the individual
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Uses tools (e.g., hammer, email, telephone) that help humans do work and solve problems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses tools that help humans do work
     2.Uses tools that help humans solve problems
     3.Knows that a hammer is a tool
     4.Knows that a fax machine is a tool
     5.Knows that email is a tool
     6.Knows that a telephone is a tool
 Standard 4.  Understands the nature of technological design
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that materials and equipment can be combined in different ways to make something new (e.g., building a tent using a sheet around a table, using molding clay to make pretend food)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that materials can be combined in different ways to make something new
     2.Knows that equipment can be combined in different ways to make something new
     3.Knows that a tent can be built using a sheet around a table
     4.Knows that molding clay can be used to make pretend food
   Benchmark 3.Knows that some things are natural and others are human made
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that some things occur on Earth naturally
     2.Knows that some things are made by people
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 2.Knows that tools have specific functions, such as to observe, measure, make things, and do things better or more easily; selecting the right tool makes the task easier
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that tools have specific functions
     2.Knows that the specific function of some tools is to observe
     3.Knows that the specific function of some tools is to make things
     4.Knows that the specific function of some tools is to make things better
     5.Knows that the specific function of some tools is to measure
     6.Understands that selecting the right tool makes the task easier
   Benchmark 5.Knows that new objects can be created out of physical materials (e.g., paper, cloth)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that new objects can be created out of paper
     2.Knows that new objects can be created out of cloth
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 6.Uses appropriate tools, techniques, and quantitative measurements to implement proposed solutions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses appropriate tools to implement proposed solutions
     2.Uses appropriate techniques to implement proposed solutions
     3.Uses quantitative measurements to implement proposed solutions
 Standard 6.  Understands the nature and uses of different forms of technology
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Knows different materials (e.g., glass, metal, plastic, wood) and their uses
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows different materials
     2.Knows that glass is a type of material
     3.Knows that metal is a type of material
     4.Knows that plastic is a type of material
     5.Knows that wood is a type of material
     6.Knows uses for different materials
     7.Knows ways that glass is used
     8.Knows ways that metal is used
     9.Knows ways that plastic is used
     10.Knows ways that wood is used
   Benchmark 2.Knows that for certain purposes some materials work better than others
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that different materials have different strengths
     2.Knows that different materials have different weaknesses
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 7.Knows that there are different types of structures (e.g., house, airport, highway) and each one requires different materials and parts
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that there are different types of structures
     2.Knows that each type of structure each one requires different materials and parts
     3.Knows that houses are one type of structure
     4.Knows that airports are one type of structure
     5.Knows that highways are one type of structure
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 7.Knows that construction technology requires building materials, specialized tools and machines, money, time, energy, land, and human work and that the final structures are subject to local building codes
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that construction technology requires building materials
     2.Knows that construction technology requires specialized tools and machines
     3.Knows that construction technology requires money
     4.Knows that construction technology requires time
     5.Knows that construction technology requires energy
     6.Knows that construction technology requires land
     7.Knows that construction technology requires human work
     8.Knows that final that the final structures are subject to local building codes
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 6.Knows that manufacturing processes use hand tools, human-operated machines, and automated machines to separate, form, combine, and condition natural and synthetic materials; these changes may either be physical or chemical
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that manufacturing processes uses hand tools
     2.Knows that manufacturing processes uses human-operated machines
     3.Knows that manufacturing processes uses automated machines
     4.Knows that the manufacturing process uses tools and machines to separate, form, combine, and condition natural and synthetic materials

Engineering Education

 Standard 6.  Knows methods of maintaining, servicing, and repairing transportation vehicles
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 7.Uses hand tools, power tools, and equipment commonly employed in the maintenance, service, and repair of transportation vehicles (e.g., screwdriver, air-powered impact wrench, diagnostic equipment, measuring tools)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows hand tools used in the maintenance, service, and repair of transportation vehicles
     2.Knows power tools used in the maintenance, service, and repair of transportation vehicles
     3.Knows the equipment used in the maintenance, service, and repair of transportation vehicles
     4.Uses screwdrivers for the maintenance, service, and repair of transportation vehicles
     5.Uses an air-powered impact wrench for the maintenance, service, and repair of transportation vehicles
     6.Uses diagnostic equipment for the maintenance, service, and repair of transportation vehicles
     7.Uses measuring tools for the maintenance, service, and repair of transportation vehicles
 Standard 8.  Uses tools, materials, and equipment associated with the building trades
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows types of materials used in the building trades (e.g., lumber, metals, piping, bricks, wiring)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows types of metals that are used in the building trades
     2.Knows the types of wiring that are used in the building trades
     3.Knows the types of lumber that are used in the building trades
     4.Knows the types of piping that are used in the building trades
     5.Knows the types of bricks that are used in the building trades
   Benchmark 2.Knows procedures for maintaining hand and power tools (e.g., cleaning, adjusting, calibrating, storing)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows procedures for maintaining hand tools, such as cleaning
     2.Knows procedures for maintaining hand tools, such as adjusting
     3.Knows procedures for maintaining hand tools, such as calibrating
     4.Knows procedures for maintaining hand tools, such as proper storage
     5.Knows procedures for maintaining power tools, such as cleaning
     6.Knows procedures for maintaining power tools, such as adjusting
     7.Knows procedures for maintaining power tools, such as calibrating
     8.Knows procedures for maintaining power tools, such as proper storage
   Benchmark 3.Uses measuring instruments such as a ruler, tape measure, chalk line, level, transit, square, volt meter, and ammeter
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses measuring instruments such as a ruler
     2.Uses measuring instruments such as a tape measure
     3.Uses measuring instruments such as a chalk line
     4.Uses measuring instruments such as a level
     5.Uses measuring instruments such as a transit
     6.Uses measuring instruments such as a square
     7.Uses measuring instruments such as a volt meter
     8.Uses measuring instruments such as an ammeter
   Benchmark 4.Understands how earth-moving equipment is used in preparation of construction sites
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows examples of earth-moving equipment used on construction sites
     2.Understands the use of earth-moving equipment in preparing the foundation of construction sites
   Benchmark 5.Uses different types of scaffolding
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how to use different types of scaffolding safely
     2.Knows examples of different types of scaffolding
   Benchmark 6.Uses power and hand tools employed in the building trades (e.g., levels, jig saws, sanders, routers, drills, electrical test equipment, masonry tools, metal fabrication tools)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses hand tools employed in the building trades such as levels
     2.Uses power tools employed in the building trades such as jig saws
     3.Uses power tools employed in the building trades such as sanders
     4.Uses power tools employed in the building trades such as routers
     5.Uses power tools employed in the building trades such as drills
     6.Uses hand tools employed in the building trades such as electrical test equipment
     7.Uses tools employed in the building trades such as masonry tools
     8.Uses tools employed in the building trades such as metal fabrication tools
 Standard 11.  Understands the interrelationship of the building trades and society
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands how the construction industry may be affected by future technology
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands ways that the construction industry may be impacted by technology in the future
 Standard 14.  Uses the design process to solve problems
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Understands the importance of safety, cost, ease of use, and availability when selecting tools
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of safety when selecting tools
     2.Understands the importance of cost when selecting tools
     3.Understands the importance of ease of use when selecting tools
     4.Understands the importance of availability when selecting tools
 Standard 15.  Uses basic mechanical skills related to the manufacturing industry
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the basic operational features of industrial equipment
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the use of industrial equipment
   Benchmark 3.Uses and maintains tools and materials safely and efficiently during the manufacturing process
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses tools safely during the manufacturing process
     2.Uses materials safely during the manufacturing process
     3.Uses tools efficiently during the manufacturing process
     4.Uses materials efficiently during the manufacturing process
     5.Maintains tools safely during the manufacturing process
     6.Maintains tools efficiently during the manufacturing process
     7.Maintains materials safely during the manufacturing process
     8.Maintains materials efficiently during the manufacturing process
   Benchmark 4.Knows procedures for dismantling, repairing, and replacing industrial equipment and machine parts
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows procedures for dismantling industrial equipment
     2.Knows procedures for repairing industrial equipment
     3.Knows procedures for replacing industrial equipment
     4.Knows procedures for dismantling machine parts
     5.Knows procedures for repairing machine parts
     6.Knows procedures for replacing machine parts
   Benchmark 5.Understands basic maintenance of tools and equipment used in the manufacturing process (e.g., changes and dresses grinding wheels, cleans and stores tools)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands basic maintenance of equipment used in the manufacturing process such as changing grinding wheels
     2.Understands basic maintenance of equipment used in the manufacturing process such as dressing grinding wheels
     3.Understands basic maintenance of tools used in the manufacturing process such as cleaning tools
     4.Understands basic maintenance of tools used in the manufacturing process such as storing tools
   Benchmark 6.Understands processes used in the shaping of various industrial materials (e.g., hot stamping, heat treating, drilling, turning, boring, milling)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands processes used in the shaping of various industrial materials such as hot stamping
     2.Understands processes used in the shaping of various industrial materials such as heat treating
     3.Understands processes used in the shaping of various industrial materials such as drilling
     4.Understands processes used in the shaping of various industrial materials such as turning
     5.Understands processes used in the shaping of various industrial materials such as milling
     6.Understands processes used in the shaping of various industrial materials such as milling
   Benchmark 9.Understands industrial forming processes (e.g., casting, molding, cold-forming, and shearing) and their application to specific types of materials
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands industrial forming processes such as casting and its application to specific types of materials
     2.Understands industrial forming processes such as molding and its application to specific types of materials
     3.Understands industrial forming processes such as cold-forming and its application to specific types of materials
     4.Understands industrial forming processes such as shearing and its application to specific types of materials
   Benchmark 11.Understands machining functions (e.g., sets offsets, adjusts speeds and feeds, performs tool changes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands machining functions such as setting offsets
     2.Understands machining functions such as adjusting speeds and feeds
     3.Understands machining functions such as performing tool changes
   Benchmark 12.Understands how the procedures of hardening, tempering, annealing, and normalizing are used to alter the properties of industrial materials
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the procedure of hardening is used to alter the properties of industrial materials
     2.Understands how the procedure of tempering is used to alter the properties of industrial materials
     3.Understands how the procedure of annealing is used to alter the properties of industrial materials
     4.Understands how the procedure of normalizing is used to alter the properties of industrial materials
 Standard 16.  Understands various manufacturing processes
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 9.Understands how materials are separated, combined, formed, and finished through a variety of methods
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how materials are separated through a variety of methods
     2.Understands how materials are combined through a variety of methods
     3.Understands how materials are formed through a variety of methods
     4.Understands how materials are finished through a variety of methods
 Standard 17.  Understands elements of production planning
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands that the properties of a material determine the appropriate processing method
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that different materials have different properties
     2.Understands that different materials will have different processing methods determined by their properties