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Topic: Conventions of standard English 

Common Core English Language Arts

 Strand  Language
  Kindergarten
   L.K.1.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
   L.K.1.a.Print many upper- and lowercase letters.
   L.K.1.b.Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs.
   L.K.1.c.Form regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/ (e.g., dog, dogs; wish, wishes).
   L.K.1.d.Understand and use question words (interrogatives) (e.g., who, what, where, when,why, how).
   L.K.1.e.Use the most frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., to, from, in, out, on, off, for, of, by, with).
   L.K.1.f.Produce and expand complete sentences in shared language activities.
   L.K.2.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
   L.K.2.a.Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I.
   L.K.2.b.Recognize and name end punctuation.
   L.K.2.d.Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships.
  Grade 1
   L.1.1.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
   L.1.1.a.Print all upper- and lowercase letters.
   L.1.1.b.Use common, proper, and possessive nouns.
   L.1.1.c.Use singular and plural nouns with matching verbs in basic sentences (e.g., He hops; We hop).
   L.1.1.d.Use personal, possessive, and indefinite pronouns (e.g., I, me, my; they, them, their; anyone, everything).
   L.1.1.e.Use verbs to convey a sense of past, present, and future (e.g., Yesterday I walked home; Today I walk home; Tomorrow I will walk home).
   L.1.1.f.Use frequently occurring adjectives.
   L.1.1.g.Use frequently occurring conjunctions (e.g., and, but, or, so, because).
   L.1.1.h.Use determiners (e.g., articles, demonstratives).
   L.1.1.i.Use frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., during, beyond, toward).
   L.1.1.j.Produce and expand complete simple and compound declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences in response to prompts.
   L.1.2.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
   L.1.2.a.Capitalize dates and names of people.
   L.1.2.b.Use end punctuation for sentences.
   L.1.2.c.Use commas in dates and to separate single words in a series.
   L.1.2.d.Use conventional spelling for words with common spelling patterns and for frequently occurring irregular words.
   L.1.2.e.Spell untaught words phonetically, drawing on phonemic awareness and spelling conventions.
  Grade 2
   L.2.1.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
   L.2.1.a.Use collective nouns (e.g., group).
   L.2.1.b.Form and use frequently occurring irregular plural nouns (e.g., feet, children, teeth, mice, fish).
   L.2.1.c.Use reflexive pronouns (e.g., myself, ourselves).
   L.2.1.d.Form and use the past tense of frequently occurring irregular verbs (e.g., sat, hid, told).
   L.2.1.e.Use adjectives and adverbs, and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.
   L.2.1.f.Produce, expand, and rearrange complete simple and compound sentences (e.g., The boy watched the movie; The little boy watched the movie; The action movie was watched by the little boy).
   L.2.2.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
   L.2.2.a.Capitalize holidays, product names, and geographic names.
   L.2.2.b.Use commas in greetings and closings of letters.
   L.2.2.c.Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives.
   L.2.2.d.Generalize learned spelling patterns when writing words (e.g., cage and badge; boy and boil).
   L.2.2.e.Consult reference materials, including beginning dictionaries, as needed to check and correct spellings.
 Strand  Language
  Grade 3
   L.3.1.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
   L.3.1.a.Explain the function of nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs in general and their functions in particular sentences.
   L.3.1.b.Form and use regular and irregular plural nouns.
   L.3.1.c.Use abstract nouns (e.g., childhood).
   L.3.1.d.Form and use regular and irregular verbs.
   L.3.1.e.Form and use the simple (e.g., I walked; I walk; I will walk) verb tenses.
   L.3.1.f.Ensure subject-verb and pronoun-antecedent agreement.
   L.3.1.g.Form and use comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs, and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.
   L.3.1.h.Use coordinating and subordinating conjunctions.
   L.3.1.i.Produce simple, compound, and complex sentences.
   L.3.2.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
   L.3.2.a.Capitalize appropriate words in titles.
   L.3.2.b.Use commas in addresses.
   L.3.2.c.Use commas and quotation marks in dialogue.
   L.3.2.d.Form and use possessives.
   L.3.2.e.Use conventional spelling for high-frequency and other studied words and for adding suffixes to base words (e.g., sitting, smiled, cries, happiness).
   L.3.2.f.Use spelling patterns and generalizations (e.g., word families, position-based spellings, syllable patterns, ending rules, meaningful word parts) in writing words.
   L.3.2.g.Consult reference materials, including beginning dictionaries, as needed to check and correct spellings.
  Grade 4
   L.4.1.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
   L.4.1.a.Use relative pronouns (who, whose, whom, which, that) and relative adverbs (where, when, why).
   L.4.1.b.Form and use the progressive (e.g., I was walking; I am walking; I will be walking) verb tenses.
   L.4.1.c.Use modal auxiliaries (e.g., can, may, must) to convey various conditions.
   L.4.1.d.Order adjectives within sentences according to conventional patterns (e.g., a small red bag rather than a red small bag).
   L.4.1.e.Form and use prepositional phrases.
   L.4.1.f.Produce complete sentences, recognizing and correcting inappropriate fragments and run-ons.
   L.4.1.g.Correctly use frequently confused words (e.g., to, too, two; there, their).
   L.4.2.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
   L.4.2.a.Use correct capitalization.
   L.4.2.b.Use commas and quotation marks to mark direct speech and quotations from a text.
   L.4.2.c.Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction in a compound sentence.
   L.4.2.d.Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.
  Grade 5
   L.5.1.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
   L.5.1.a.Explain the function of conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections in general and their function in particular sentences.
   L.5.1.b.Form and use the perfect (e.g., I had walked; I have walked; I will have walked) verb tenses.
   L.5.1.c.Use verb tense to convey various times, sequences, states, and conditions.
   L.5.1.d.Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense.
   L.5.1.e.Use correlative conjunctions (e.g., either/or, neither/nor).
   L.5.2.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
   L.5.2.a.Use punctuation to separate items in a series.
   L.5.2.b.Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of the sentence.
   L.5.2.c.Use a comma to set off the words yes and no (e.g., Yes, thank you), to set off a tag question from the rest of the sentence (e.g., It’s true, isn’t it?), and to indicate direct address (e.g., Is that you, Steve?).
   L.5.2.d.Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate titles of works.
   L.5.2.e.Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.
 Strand  Language
  Grade 6
   L.6.1.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
   L.6.1.a.Ensure that pronouns are in the proper case (subjective, objective, possessive).
   L.6.1.b.Use intensive pronouns (e.g., myself, ourselves).
   L.6.1.c.Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in pronoun number and person.
   L.6.1.d.Recognize and correct vague pronouns (i.e., ones with unclear or ambiguous antecedents).
   L.6.1.e.Recognize variations from standard English in their own and others’ writing and speaking, and identify and use strategies to improve expression in conventional language.
   L.6.2.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
   L.6.2.a.Use punctuation (commas, parentheses, dashes) to set off nonrestrictive/parenthetical elements.
   L.6.2.b.Spell correctly.
  Grade 7
   L.7.1.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
   L.7.1.a.Explain the function of phrases and clauses in general and their function in specific sentences.
   L.7.1.b.Choose among simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences to signal differing relationships among ideas.
   L.7.1.c.Place phrases and clauses within a sentence, recognizing and correcting misplaced and dangling modifiers.
   L.7.2.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
   L.7.2.a.Use a comma to separate coordinate adjectives (e.g., It was a fascinating, enjoyable movie but not He wore an old[,] green shirt).
   L.7.2.b.Spell correctly.
  Grade 8
   L.8.1.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
   L.8.1.a.Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences.
   L.8.1.b.Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice.
   L.8.1.c.Form and use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive mood.
   L.8.1.d.Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood.
   L.8.2.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
   L.8.2.a.Use punctuation (comma, ellipsis, dash) to indicate a pause or break.
   L.8.2.b.Use an ellipsis to indicate an omission.
   L.8.2.c.Spell correctly.
 Strand  Language
  Grades 9-10
   L.9-10.1.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
   L.9-10.1.a.Use parallel structure.
   L.9-10.1.b.Use various types of phrases (noun, verb, adjectival, adverbial, participial, prepositional, absolute) and clauses (independent, dependent; noun, relative, adverbial) to convey specific meanings and add variety and interest to writing or presentations.
   L.9-10.2.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
   L.9-10.2.a.Use a semicolon (and perhaps a conjunctive adverb) to link two or more closely related independent clauses.
   L.9-10.2.b.Use a colon to introduce a list or quotation.
   L.9-10.2.c.Spell correctly.
  Grades 11-12
   L.11-12.1.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
   L.11-12.1.a.Apply the understanding that usage is a matter of convention, can change over time, and is sometimes contested.
   L.11-12.1.b.Resolve issues of complex or contested usage, consulting references (e.g., Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of English Usage, Garner’s Modern American Usage) as needed.
   L.11-12.2.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
   L.11-12.2.a.Observe hyphenation conventions.
   L.11-12.2.b.Spell correctly.
 Strand  Language
  College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards
   L.1.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
   L.2.Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.