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Topic: Text types and purposes 

Common Core Literacy for Other Subjects

 Strand  Writing for History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects
  Grades 6-8
   WHST.6-8.1.Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.
   WHST.6-8.1.a.Introduce claim(s) about a topic or issue, acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically.
   WHST.6-8.1.b.Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence that demonstrate an understanding of the topic or text, using credible sources.
   WHST.6-8.1.c.Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.
   WHST.6-8.1.d.Establish and maintain a formal style.
   WHST.6-8.1.e.Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.
   WHST.6-8.2.Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.
   WHST.6-8.2.a.Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information into broader categories as appropriate to achieving purpose; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
   WHST.6-8.2.b.Develop the topic with relevant, well-chosen facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.
   WHST.6-8.2.c.Use appropriate and varied transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.
   WHST.6-8.2.d.Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
   WHST.6-8.2.e.Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone.
   WHST.6-8.2.f.Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.
 Strand  Writing for History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects
  Grades 9-10
   WHST.9-10.1.Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.
   WHST.9-10.1.a.Introduce precise claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that establishes clear relationships among the claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.
   WHST.9-10.1.b.Develop claim(s) and counterclaims fairly, supplying data and evidence for each while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both claim(s) and counterclaims in a discipline-appropriate form and in a manner that anticipates the audience’s knowledge level and concerns.
   WHST.9-10.1.c.Use words, phrases, and clauses to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships between claim(s) and reasons, between reasons and evidence, and between claim(s) and counterclaims.
   WHST.9-10.1.d.Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline in which they are writing.
   WHST.9-10.1.e.Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from or supports the argument presented.
   WHST.9-10.2.Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.
   WHST.9-10.2.a.Introduce a topic and organize ideas, concepts, and information to make important connections and distinctions; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
   WHST.9-10.2.b.Develop the topic with well-chosen, relevant, and sufficient facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples appropriate to the audience’s knowledge of the topic.
   WHST.9-10.2.c.Use varied transitions and sentence structures to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.
   WHST.9-10.2.d.Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to manage the complexity of the topic and convey a style appropriate to the discipline and context as well as to the expertise of likely readers.
   WHST.9-10.2.e.Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline in which they are writing.
   WHST.9-10.2.f.Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented (e.g., articulating implications or the significance of the topic).
 Strand  Writing for History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects
  
   Benchmark .Develop claim(s) and counterclaims fairly and thoroughly, supplying the most relevant data and evidence for each while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both claim(s) and counterclaims in a discipline- appropriate form that anticipates the audience‚Äôs knowledge level, concerns, values, and possible biases.
  Grades 11-12
   WHST.11-12.1.Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.
   WHST.11-12.1.a.Introduce precise, knowledgeable claim(s), establish the significance of the claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that logically sequences the claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.
   WHST.11-12.1.c.Use words, phrases, and clauses as well as varied syntax to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships between claim(s) and reasons, between reasons and evidence, and between claim(s) and counterclaims.
   WHST.11-12.1.d.Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline in which they are writing.
   WHST.11-12.1.e.Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from or supports the argument presented.
   WHST.11-12.2.Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.
   WHST.11-12.2.a.Introduce a topic and organize complex ideas, concepts, and information so that each new element builds on that which precedes it to create a unified whole; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
   WHST.11-12.2.b.Develop the topic thoroughly by selecting the most significant and relevant facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples appropriate to the audience’s knowledge of the topic.
   WHST.11-12.2.c.Use varied transitions and sentence structures to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships among complex ideas and concepts.
   WHST.11-12.2.d.Use precise language, domain-specific vocabulary and techniques such as metaphor, simile, and analogy to manage the complexity of the topic; convey a knowledgeable stance in a style that responds to the discipline and context as well as to the expertise of likely readers.
   WHST.11-12.2.e.Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation provided (e.g., articulating implications or the significance of the topic).