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Topic: Craft and Structure 

Common Core English Language Arts

 Strand  Reading for Literature
  Kindergarten
   RL.K.4.Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.
   RL.K.5.Recognize common types of texts (e.g., storybooks, poems).
   RL.K.6.With prompting and support, name the author and illustrator of a story and define the role of each in telling the story.
  Grade 1
   RL.1.4.Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.
   RL.1.5.Explain major differences between books that tell stories and books that give information, drawing on a wide reading of a range of text types.
   RL.1.6.Identify who is telling the story at various points in a text.
  Grade 2
   RL.2.4.Describe how words and phrases (e.g., regular beats, alliteration, rhymes, repeated lines) supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song.
   RL.2.5.Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.
   RL.2.6.Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.
 Strand  Reading for Informational Text
  Kindergarten
   RI.K.4.With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.
   RI.K.5.Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book.
   RI.K.6.Name the author and illustrator of a text and define the role of each in presenting the ideas or information in a text.
  Grade 1
   RI.1.4.Ask and answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases in a text.
   RI.1.5.Know and use various text features (e.g., headings, tables of contents, glossaries, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text.
   RI.1.6.Distinguish between information provided by pictures or other illustrations and information provided by the words in a text.
  Grade 2
   RI.2.4.Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.
   RI.2.5.Know and use various text features (e.g.,captions, bold print,subheadings, glossaries,indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.
   RI.2.6.Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.
 Strand  Reading for Literature
  Grade 3
   RL.3.4.Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, distinguishing literal from nonliteral language.
   RL.3.5.Refer to parts of stories, dramas, and poems when writing or speaking about a text, using terms such as chapter, scene, and stanza; describe how each successive part builds on earlier sections.
   RL.3.6.Distinguish their own point of view from that of the narrator or those of the characters.
  Grade 4
   RL.4.4.Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology (e.g., Herculean).
   RL.4.5.Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm, meter) and drama (e.g., casts of characters, settings, descriptions, dialogue, stage directions) when writing or speaking about a text.
   RL.4.6.Compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first- and third-person narrations.
  Grade 5
   RL.5.4.Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.
   RL.5.5.Explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits together to provide the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem.
   RL.5.6.Describe how a narrator’s or speaker’s point of view influences how events are described.
 Strand  Reading for Informational Text
  Grade 3
   RI.3.4.Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 3 topic or subject area.
   RI.3.5.Use text features and search tools (e.g., key words, sidebars, hyperlinks) to locate information relevant to a given topic efficiently.
   RI.3.6.Distinguish their own point of view from that of the author of a text.
  Grade 4
   RI.4.4.Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.
   RI.4.5.Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.
   RI.4.6.Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic; describe the differences in focus and the information provided.
  Grade 5
   RI.5.4.Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area.
   RI.5.5.Compare and contrast the overall structure(e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts.
   RI.5.6.Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.
 Strand  Reading for Literature
  Grade 6
   RL.6.4.Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.
   RL.6.5.Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot.
   RL.6.6.Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator or speaker in a text.
  Grade 7
   RL.7.4.Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama.
   RL.7.5.Analyze how a drama’s or poem’s form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaning.
   RL.7.6.Analyze how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text.
  Grade 8
   RL.8.4.Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.
   RL.8.5.Compare and contrast the structure of two or more texts and analyze how the differing structure of each text contributes to its meaning and style.
   RL.8.6.Analyze how differences in the points of view of the characters and the audience or reader (e.g., created through the use of dramatic irony) create such effects as suspense or humor.
 Strand  Reading for Informational Text
  Grade 6
   RI.6.4.Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.
   RI.6.5.Analyze how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the ideas.
   RI.6.6.Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and explain how it is conveyed in the text.
  Grade 7
   RI.7.4.Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.
   RI.7.5.Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to the development of the ideas.
   RI.7.6.Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author distinguishes his or her position from that of others.
  Grade 8
   RI.8.4.Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.
   RI.8.5.Analyze in detail the structure of a specific paragraph in a text, including the role of particular sentences in developing and refining a key concept.
   RI.8.6.Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author acknowledges and responds to conflicting evidence or viewpoints.
 Strand  Reading for Literature
  Grades 9-10
   RL.9-10.4.Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone).
   RL.9-10.5.Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure a text, order events within it (e.g., parallel plots), and manipulate time (e.g., pacing, flashbacks) create such effects as mystery, tension, or surprise.
   RL.9-10.6.Analyze a particular point of view or cultural experience reflected in a work of literature from outside the United States, drawing on a wide reading of world literature.
  Grades 11-12
   RL.11-12.4.Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings or language that is particularly fresh, engaging, or beautiful. (Include Shakespeare as well as other authors.)
   RL.11-12.5.Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure specific parts of a text (e.g., the choice of where to begin or end a story, the choice to provide a comedic or tragic resolution) contribute to its overall structure and meaning as well as its aesthetic impact.
   RL.11-12.6.Analyze a case in which grasping point of view requires distinguishing what is directly stated in a text from what is really meant (e.g., satire, sarcasm, irony, or understatement).
 Strand  Reading for Informational Text
  Grades 9-10
   RI.9-10.4.Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language of a court opinion differs from that of a newspaper).
   RI.9-10.5.Analyze in detail how an author’s ideas or claims are developed and refined by particular sentences, paragraphs, or larger portions of a text (e.g., a section or chapter).
   RI.9-10.6.Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how an author uses rhetoric to advance that point of view or purpose.
  Grades 11-12
   RI.11-12.4.Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze how an author uses and refines the meaning of a key term or terms over the course of a text (e.g., how Madison defines faction in Federalist No. 10).
   RI.11-12.5.Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the structure an author uses in his or her exposition or argument, including whether the structure makes points clear, convincing, and engaging.
   RI.11-12.6.Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is particularly effective, analyzing how style and content contribute to the power, persuasiveness, or beauty of the text.
 Strand  Reading
  College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards
   RL/RI.4.Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.
   RL/RI.5.Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.
   RL/RI.6.Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.