Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference

 


 


Topic: Models 

Science

 Standard 11.  Understands the nature of scientific knowledge
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 2.Understands that a model of something is different from the real thing (e.g., object, event) but can be used to learn something about the real thing
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that a model of something is different from the real thing
     2.Knows that a model of an object is different from the real object
     3.Knows that a model of an event is different from the real event
     4.Knows that a model can be used to learn about a real thing
     5.Knows that a model can be used to learn about a real object
     6.Knows that a model can be used to learn about a real event
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 5.Understands that models (e.g., physical, conceptual, mathematical models, computer simulations) can be used to represent and predict changes in objects, events, and processes
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that models can be used to represent changes in objects
     2.Knows that models can be used to represent changes in events
     3.Knows that models can be used to represent changes in processes
     4.Knows that physical models can be used to represent changes in objects
     5.Knows that physical models can be used to represent changes in events
     6.Knows that physical models can be used to represent changes in processes
     7.Knows that conceptual models can be used to represent changes in objects
     8.Knows that conceptual models can be used to represent changes in events
     9.Knows that conceptual models can be used to represent changes in processes
     10.Knows that mathematical models can be used to represent changes in objects
     11.Knows that mathematical models can be used to represent changes in events
     12.Knows that mathematical models can be used to represent changes in processes
     13.Knows that computer simulations can be used to represent changes in objects
     14.Knows that computer simulations can be used to represent changes in events
     15.Knows that computer simulations can be used to represent changes in processes
     16.Knows that models can be used to predict changes in objects
     17.Knows that models can be used to predict changes in events
     18.Knows that models can be used to predict changes in processes
     19.Knows that physical models can be used to predict changes in objects
     20.Knows that physical models can be used to predict changes in events
     21.Knows that physical models can be used to predict changes in processes
     22.Knows that conceptual models can be used to predict changes in objects
     23.Knows that conceptual models can be used to predict changes in events
     24.Knows that conceptual models can be used to predict changes in processes
     25.Knows that mathematical models can be used to predict changes in objects
     26.Knows that mathematical models can be used to predict changes in events
     27.Knows that mathematical models can be used to predict changes in processes
     28.Knows that computer simulations can be used to predict changes in objects
     29.Knows that computer simulations can be used to predict changes in events
     30.Knows that computer simulations can be used to predict changes in processes
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 3.Knows that different models can be used to represent the same thing and the same model can represent different things; the kind and complexity of the model should depend on its purpose
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that different models can be used to represent the same thing
     2.Knows that the same model can represent different things
     3.Knows that the kind of the model should depend on its purpose
     4.Knows that the complexity of the model should depend on its purpose
   Benchmark 4.Knows that models are often used to think about things that cannot be observed or investigated directly (e.g., processes that occur too slowly, too quickly, on too small a scale, or are too dangerous for direct observation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that models are often used to think about things that cannot be observed directly
     2.Knows that models are often used to think about things that cannot be investigated directly
     3.Knows that models are often used to think about processes that occur too slowly for direct observation
     4.Knows that models are often used to think about processes that occur too quickly for direct observation
     5.Knows that models are often used to think about processes that occur on too small a scale for direct observation
     6.Knows that models are often used to think about processes that are too dangerous for direct observation
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Understands criteria (e.g., accuracy of predictions, appropriateness, limitations, usefulness) used to evaluate a model’s representation of the real world
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that criteria are used to evaluate a model’s representation of the real world
     2.Knows that the accuracy of predictions is a criterion used to evaluate a model’s representation of the real world
     3.Knows that appropriateness is a criterion used to evaluate a model’s representation of the real world
     4.Knows that limitations is a criterion used to evaluate a model’s representation of the real world
     5.Knows that usefullness is a criterion used to evaluate a model’s representation of the real world