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Topic: Construction technology 

Technology

 Standard 6.  Understands the nature and uses of different forms of technology
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 7.Knows that there are different types of structures (e.g., house, airport, highway) and each one requires different materials and parts
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that there are different types of structures
     2.Knows that each type of structure each one requires different materials and parts
     3.Knows that houses are one type of structure
     4.Knows that airports are one type of structure
     5.Knows that highways are one type of structure
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 7.Knows that construction technology requires building materials, specialized tools and machines, money, time, energy, land, and human work and that the final structures are subject to local building codes
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that construction technology requires building materials
     2.Knows that construction technology requires specialized tools and machines
     3.Knows that construction technology requires money
     4.Knows that construction technology requires time
     5.Knows that construction technology requires energy
     6.Knows that construction technology requires land
     7.Knows that construction technology requires human work
     8.Knows that final that the final structures are subject to local building codes
   Benchmark 8.Knows that buildings require several subsystems (e.g., a phone system, heating) and these subsystems may be associated with other types of technology (e.g., communications, energy)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that buildings require several subsystems
     2.Knows that a phone system is a subsystem that most buildings require
     3.Knows that a heating system is a subsystem that most buildings require
     4.Knows that building subsystems may be associated with other types of technology
     5.Knows that building subsystems may be associated with communication technology
     6.Knows that building subsystems may be associated with energy technology
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 7.Knows that construction design is influenced by factors such as building laws and codes, style, convenience, cost, climate, and function
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that construction design is influenced by building laws and codes
     2.Knows that construction design is influenced by style
     3.Knows that construction design is influenced by convenience
     4.Knows that construction design is influenced by cost
     5.Knows that construction design is influenced by climate
     6.Knows that construction design is influenced by function
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 8.Knows different requirements for structural design (e.g., strength, maintenance, appearance) and that these structures require maintenance
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows different requirements for structural design
     2.Knows that strength is a requirement of structural design
     3.Knows that maintenance is a requirement of structural design
     4.Knows that appearance is a requirement of structural design

Engineering Education

 Standard 9.  Understands elements of planning construction projects
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands land development procedures (e.g., surveying, site selection, site preparation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands land development procedures such as surveying
     2.Understands land development procedures such as site selection
     3.Understands land development procedures such as site preparation
   Benchmark 3.Understands steps for preparing a building site (e.g., establish elevation reference points, establish footing grades, locate square corners, install batter boards, set grade stakes, layout building using transit)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands site preparation methods such as establishing elevation reference points
     2.Understands site preparation methods such as establishing footing grades
     3.Understands site preparation methods such as locating square corners
     4.Understands site preparation methods such as installing batter boards
     5.Understands site preparation methods such as setting grade stakes
     6.Understands site preparation methods such as laying out the building using transit
   Benchmark 4.Understands the steps involved in designing construction projects (e.g., planning, generating layouts, developing drawings with measurements and details of construction considering constraints, selecting materials)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the planning involved in designing construction projects
     2.Understands how generating layouts is involved in designing construction projects
     3.Understands how developing drawings with measurements and details of construction, while considering constraints, is involved in designing construction projects
     4.Understands how selecting materials is involved in designing construction projects
 Standard 10.  Uses skills and techniques related to building, maintaining, and repairing structures
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Uses skills to construct new structures (e.g., masonry skills, electrical skills, carpentry skills, metal working skills)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses masonry skills to construct new structures
     2.Uses electrical skills to construct new structures
     3.Uses carpentry skills to construct new structures
     4.Uses metal working skills to construct new structures
   Benchmark 5.Understands techniques for shaping and cutting building materials to desired specifications (e.g., sawing, planing, turning, boring, mortising, sanding, masonry splits, cutting pipe)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands sawing as a technique for shaping and cutting building materials to desired specifications
     2.Understands planning as a technique for shaping and cutting building materials to desired specifications
     3.Understands turning as a technique for shaping and cutting building materials to desired specifications
     4.Understands boring as a technique for shaping building materials to desired specifications
     5.Understands mortising as a technique for shaping building materials to desired specifications
     6.Understands sanding as a technique for shaping building materials to desired specifications
     7.Understands masonry splits as a technique for shaping and cutting building materials to desired specifications
     9.Understands cutting pipe as a technique for shaping and cutting building materials to desired specifications
   Benchmark 7.Uses framing techniques for walls, floors, ceilings, rafters, structural timbers, stairs, trusses, and fireproof metal studs
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses framing techniques for walls
     2.Uses framing techniques for floors
     3.Uses framing techniques for ceilings
     4.Uses framing techniques for rafters
     5.Uses framing techniques for structural timbers
     6.Uses framing techniques for stairs
     7.Uses framing techniques for trusses
     8.Uses framing techniques for fireproof metal studs
   Benchmark 8.Understands methods used for the installation of various building materials (e.g., piping, wiring, bricks, drywall, carpeting, doors, windows, interior and exterior wall covering and trim)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands methods used for the installation of piping
     2.Understands methods used for the installation of wiring
     3.Understands methods used for the installation of bricks
     4.Understands methods used for the installation of drywall
     5.Understands methods used for the installation of carpeting
     6.Understands methods used for the installation of doors
     7.Understands methods used for the installation of windows
     8.Understands methods used for the installation of exterior wall covering
     9.Understands methods used for the installation of interior wall covering
     10.Understands methods used for the installation of trim
   Benchmark 10.Understands methods for installing, maintaining, and repairing the following HVAC systems: steam, hot water, forced air and unit ventilation, air conditioning, and solar systems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands methods for installing steam systems
     2.Understands methods for installing hot water systems
     3.Understands methods for installing forced air systems
     4.Understands methods for installing unit ventilation systems
     5.Understands methods for installing air conditioning systems
     6.Understands methods for installing HVAC solar systems
     7.Understands methods for maintaining steam systems
     8.Understands methods for maintaining hot water systems
     9.Understands methods for maintaining forced air systems
     10.Understands methods for maintaining unit ventilation systems
     11.Understands methods for maintaining air conditioning systems
     12.Understands methods for maintaining HVAC solar systems
     13.Understands methods for repairing steam systems
     14.Understands methods for repairing hot water systems
     15.Understands methods for repairing forced air systems
     16.Understands methods for repairing air conditioning systems
     17.Understands methods for repairing HVAC solar systems
 Standard 11.  Understands the interrelationship of the building trades and society
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands how the construction industry may be affected by future technology
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands ways that the construction industry may be impacted by technology in the future
 Standard 15.  Uses basic mechanical skills related to the manufacturing industry
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Understands processes used in the shaping of various industrial materials (e.g., hot stamping, heat treating, drilling, turning, boring, milling)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands processes used in the shaping of various industrial materials such as hot stamping
     2.Understands processes used in the shaping of various industrial materials such as heat treating
     3.Understands processes used in the shaping of various industrial materials such as drilling
     4.Understands processes used in the shaping of various industrial materials such as turning
     5.Understands processes used in the shaping of various industrial materials such as milling
     6.Understands processes used in the shaping of various industrial materials such as milling