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Topic: Computer hardware 

Business Education

 Standard 21.  Knows the characteristics and uses of computer hardware
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows hardware components appropriate for specific tasks (e.g., types of printers needed for a publishing business; cash registers and price scanners used in various retail settings)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows types of printers needed for a publishing business
     2.Knows that cash registers are used in various retail settings
     3.Knows that price scanners are used in various retail settings
   Benchmark 3. Identifies malfunctions and problems in hardware (e.g., evaluate why a school fax machine is not working and uses vendor “help lines” to solve the problem; take the proper steps to make an inoperative business printer work) and follow maintenance instructions for keeping relevant equipment in good working order
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Evaluates why a school fax machine is not working
     2.Uses vendor "help lines" to solve hardware problems
     3.Uses proper steps to make inoperative business printer work

Technology

 Standard 1.  Knows the characteristics and uses of computer hardware and operating systems
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Knows names of basic computer hardware (e.g., mouse, keyboard, touch screen)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that different parts of the computer have different names
     2.Knows to what part of a computer "mouse" refers
     3.Knows to what part of a computer "keyboard" refers
     4.Knows to what part of a computer "touch screen" refers
   Benchmark 2.Uses basic computer hardware (e.g., hunts for specific keys on keyboard, uses mouse)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses a computer keyboard
     2.Uses a computer mouse
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows basic computer hardware (e.g., keyboard and mouse, printer and monitor, optical storage device [such as CD-ROM], case for the CPU [central processing unit])
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the keyboard and mouse are computer hardware
     2.Knows the computer printer and its use
     3.Knows the computer monitor and its use
     4.Knows an optical storage device, such as a CD-ROM, and its use
     5.Knows the CPU (central processing unit) case and its use
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the basic functions of hardware (e.g., keyboard and mouse provide input; printer and monitor provide output; optical discs such as CD-ROMs provide storage; the CPU processes information)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that some computer hardware is used for output
     2.Knows that some computer hardware is used for input
     3.Knows some computer hardware is used for storage
     4.Knows that the keyboard and mouse provide input
     5.Knows that the printer and monitor provide output
     6.Knows that optical discs such as CD-ROMs provide storage
     7.Knows that the CPU processes information
     8.Knows that some computer hardware processes information
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the differing capacities and trade-offs for computer storage media (e.g., local, removable, remote)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the differing capacities of computer storage media
     2.Knows trade-offs for computer storage media
     3.Knows the typical capacity of local storage
     4.Knows the typical capacities of removable storage
     5.Knows the typical capacities of remote storage
     6.Knows trade-offs for local storage
     7.Knows trade-offs for removable storage
     8.Knows trade-offs for remote storage
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows of significant advances in computers and peripherals (e.g., data scanners, digital cameras)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows significant advances in computers
     2.Knows significant advances in peripherals
     3.Knows that a data scanner is an example of a computer peripheral device
     4.Knows that a digital camera is an example of a computer peripheral device
   Benchmark 2.Uses a variety of input devices (e.g., keyboard, scanner, speech recognition, mouse, touch screen, stylus)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses input devices, such as a keyboard
     2.Uses input devices, such as a scanner
     3.Uses input devices, such as a speech recognition
     4.Uses input devices, such as a mouse
     5.Uses input devices, such as a touch screen
     6.Uses input devices, such as a stylus
   Benchmark 3.Knows limitations and trade-offs of current and emerging computer-related hardware (e.g., laptops, printers, scanners, smart phones, PDAs)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the limitations current computer-related hardware
     2.Knows the trade-offs of current computer-related hardware
     3.Knows the limitations of emerging computer-related hardware
     4.Knows the trade-offs of emerging computer-related hardware
     5.Knows the limitations and trade-offs of laptops
     6.Knows the limitations and trade-offs of printers
     7.Knows the limitations and trade-offs of scanners
     8.Knows the limitations and trade-offs of smart phones
     9.Knows the limitations and trade-offs of PDAs