Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference

 


 


Topic: Human growth and development 

Family/Consumer Sciences

 Standard 1.  Understand the family as the basic unit of society
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how changes and transitions over the life course influence the individual and family
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how changes over the life course influence the individual
     2.Understands how changes over the life course influence the family
     3.Understands how transitions over the life course influence the individual
     4.Understands how transitions over the life course influence the family
 Standard 10.  Understands how knowledge and skills related to child development affect the well-being of individuals, families, and society
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the basic needs of children (e.g., food, clothing, shelter, safety, security, love, acceptance)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that children have basic needs
     2.Knows that children need food
     3.Knows that children need clothing
     4.Knows that children need shelter
     5.Knows that children need safety
     6.Knows that children need security
     7.Knows that children need love
     8.Knows that children need acceptance
   Benchmark 6.Understands the various factors that impact human growth and development (e.g., heredity and environment, social, economic, and technological forces; gender, ethnicity, and culture; life events)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the various factors that impact human growth
     2.Understands the various factors that impact human development
     3.Understands how heredity and environment impact human growth and development
     4.Understands how social forces impact human growth and development
     5.Understands how economic forces impact human growth and development
     6.Understands how technological forces impact human growth and development
     7.Understands how gender impacts human growth and development
     8.Understands how ethnicity impacts human growth and development
     9.Understands how culture impacts human growth and development
     10.Understands how life events impact human growth and development
   Benchmark 7.Knows nurturing practices that support human growth and development (e.g., using positive role modeling behaviors; using communication strategies that promote positive self-esteem in family members; selecting care and services for children)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows nurturing practices that support human growth
     2.Knows nurturing practices that support human development
     3.Knows positive role modeling behaviors that support human growth and development
     4.Knows communication strategies that promote positive self-esteem in family members
     5.Knows strategies for selecting appropriate care and services for children
   Benchmark 8.Understands ways to guide the physical, social, emotional, and intellectual development of children (e.g., knows activities that promote healthy growth and development; knows procedures for handling safety, first aid, and emergency situations; select toys, equipment, food, and materials appropriate for the developmental stage of a child; knows childhood diseases and immunization procedures)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands ways to guide the physical development of children
     2.Understands ways to guide the social development of children
     3.Understands ways to guide the emotional development of children
     4.Understands ways to guide the intellectual development of children
     5.Knows activities that promote healthy growth and development
     6.Knows procedures for handling safety, first aid, and emergency situations
     7.Select toys, equipment, food, and materials appropriate for the developmental stage of a child
     8.Knows childhood diseases and immunization procedures
   Benchmark 9.Understands the effect of play in the development of children (e.g., understands that play promotes physical, cognitive, emotional, and social development; knows strategies parents may use to encourage constructive play)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that play is important in the development of children
     2.Understands that play promotes physical, cognitive, emotional, and social development in children
     3.Knows strategies parents may use with their children to encourage constructive play
 Standard 11.  Understands important concepts and skills related to careers in early childhood education and services
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows major theories of human development (e.g., Freud’s theory of personality development, Erickson’s theory of ego development, Skinner’s theory of the environmental effects on behavior, Piaget’s theory of the development of thought and reasoning)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows Freud’s theory of personality development
     2.Knows Erickson’s theory of ego development
     3.Knows Skinner’s theory of the environmental effects on behavior
     4.Knows Piaget’s theory of the development of thought and reasoning
   Benchmark 2.Understands the impact of the family on the development of individuals and interpersonal relationships (e.g., family roles and responsibilities; communication patterns; family conflicts and crises; family beliefs, customs, and culture; child abuse)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the impact of the family on the development of individuals
     2.Understands the impact of the family on the development of interpersonal relationships
     3.Understands the impact of family roles and responsibilities on the development of individuals and interpersonal relationships
     4.Understands the impact of family communication patterns on the development of individuals and interpersonal relationships
     5.Understands the impact of family conflicts and crises on the development of individuals and interpersonal relationships
     6.Understands the impact of family beliefs, customs, and culture on the development of individuals and interpersonal relationships
     7.Understands the impact of child abuse on the development of individuals and interpersonal relationships
   Benchmark 3.Knows various factors that influence growth and development (e.g., genetics and heredity, environment, developmental disorders, glandular functioning)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows various factors that influence growth
     2.Knows various factors that influence development
     3.Knows that genetics and heredity influence growth and development
     4.Knows that the environment influences growth and development
     5.Knows that developmental disorders influence growth and development
     6.Knows that glandular functioning influence growth and development
   Benchmark 5.Knows activities that promote development in children and adolescents (e.g., visual, auditory, tactile, outdoor, and indoor activities that promote motor skills, creativity, language development, cognitive development, and social development)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows activities that promote development in children
     2.Knows activities that promote development in adolescents
     3.Knows activities that promote motor skills
     4.Knows activities that promote creativity
     5.Knows activities that promote language development
     6.Knows activities that promote cognitive development
     7.Knows activities that promote social development
     8.Knows visual activities that promote development
     9.Knows auditory activities that promote development
     10.Knows tactile activities that promote development
     11.Knows outdoor activities that promote development
     12.Knows indoor activities that promote development
   Benchmark 6.Knows various instructional methods used to meet children’s developmental needs and interests (e.g., methods that account for the different needs of children; methods such as modeling, encouraging independence, and using positive reinforcement)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows various instructional methods used to meet children’s developmental needs
     2.Knows various instructional methods used to meet children’s developmental interests
     3.Knows methods that account for the different needs of children
     4.Understands the use of various instructional methods, such as modeling
     5.Understands the use of various instructional methods, such as encouraging independence
     6.Understands the use of various instructional methods, such as using positive reinforcement
   Benchmark 7.Understands the principles of positive interaction, guidance, and discipline as they relate to the development of self-control and positive self-concepts in children
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands positive interaction as it relates to the development of self-control in children
     2.Understands guidance as it relates to the development of self-control in children
     3.Understands discipline as it relates to the development of self-control in children
     4.Understands positive interaction as it relates to the development of positive self-concepts in children
     5.Understands guidance as it relates to the development of positive self-concepts in children
     6.Understands discipline as it relates to the development of positive self-concepts in children
   Benchmark 14.Knows various societal issues that affect the quality of life for children (e.g., child abuse, divorce, drugs, latch-key children, teen parents)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows various societal issues, such as child abuse, that affect the quality of life for children
     2.Knows various societal issues, such as divorce, that affect the quality of life for children
     3.Knows various societal issues, such as drug use, that affect the quality of life for children
     4.Knows various societal issues, such as latch-key children, that affect the quality of life for children
     5.Knows various societal issues, such as teen parents, that affect the quality of life for children
   Benchmark 15.Understands family factors that affect young children (e.g., type of family, number in the family, family economics, family activities, educational level, family work)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands family factors, such as type of family, that affect young children
     2.Understands family factors, such as number in family, that affect young children
     3.Understands family factors, such as family economics, that affect young children
     4.Understands family factors, such as family activities, that affect young children
     5.Understands family factors, such as educational level, that affect young children
     6.Understands family factors, such family work, that affect young children
   Benchmark 16.Understands the needs (e.g., physical, social, emotional, intellectual) of children with special conditions (e.g., orthopedically impaired, visually impaired, emotionally conflicted)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the needs of orthopedically impaired children
     2.Understands the needs of visually impaired children
     3.Understands the needs of emotionally conflicted children
     4.Understands the physical needs of children with special conditions
     5.Understands the social needs of children with special conditions
     6.Understands the emotional needs of children with special conditions
     7.Understands the intellectual needs of children with special conditions