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Topic: Masonry 

Construction

 Standard 4.  Understands working with concrete forms in carpentry
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the principles of concrete pressure and what it implies for application to form work routines
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Explains the principles of concrete pressure
     2.Explains what concrete pressure implies for application to form work routines
   Benchmark 2.Knows materials and calculations for footer forms, including identification, selection and assembly of materials, and application of measurement formulas to lay out specified three-dimensional objects (i.e., length, width, angles, surface area, and volume)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Identifies footer form materials
     2.Selects footer form materials
     3.Assembles footer form materials
     4.Applies measurement formulas to laying out length of three-dimensional objects
     5.Applies measurement formulas to laying out width of three-dimensional objects
     6.Applies measurement formulas to laying out angles of three-dimensional objects
     7.Applies measurement formulas to laying out surface area of three-dimensional objects
     8.Applies measurement formulas to laying out volume of three-dimensional objects
   Benchmark 3.Knows how to construct and install concrete forms, including bracing forms and installing bulkheads; layout and installation of anchor bolts, expansion-and-contraction bolts, opening boxes, and keyways for footings and foundations; and stripping forms
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Constructs bracing forms
     2.Installs bulkheads
     3.Lays out anchor bolts
     4.Lays out expansion-and-contraction bolts
     5.Lays out opening boxes
     6.Lays out footing and foundation keyways
     7.Installs anchor bolts
     8.Installs expansion-and-contraction bolts
     9.Installs opening boxes
     10.Installs footing and foundation keyways

Engineering Education

 Standard 10.  Uses skills and techniques related to building, maintaining, and repairing structures
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Uses skills to construct new structures (e.g., masonry skills, electrical skills, carpentry skills, metal working skills)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses masonry skills to construct new structures
   Benchmark 5.Understands techniques for shaping and cutting building materials to desired specifications (e.g., sawing, planing, turning, boring, mortising, sanding, masonry splits, cutting pipe)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands sawing as a technique for shaping and cutting building materials to desired specifications
     2.Understands planning as a technique for shaping and cutting building materials to desired specifications
     3.Understands turning as a technique for shaping and cutting building materials to desired specifications
     4.Understands boring as a technique for shaping building materials to desired specifications
     5.Understands mortising as a technique for shaping building materials to desired specifications
     7.Understands masonry splits as a technique for shaping and cutting building materials to desired specifications
   Benchmark 8.Understands methods used for the installation of various building materials (e.g., piping, wiring, bricks, drywall, carpeting, doors, windows, interior and exterior wall covering and trim)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Understands methods used for the installation of bricks
     7.Understands methods used for the installation of windows
   Benchmark 14.Understands methods of brick laying, including arrangement of masonry materials for efficient use, proper placement of mortar pans, proper manipulation of a trowel, and processes and formulas for mixing mortar
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands arrangement of masonry materials for efficient use
     2.Understands proper manipulation of a trowel
     3.Understands processes and formulas for mixing mortar
     4.Understands the basic method of brick laying