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Topic: Legal system and legislation 

Business Education

 Standard 6.  Understands how the legal system affects business
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the similarities and differences between common law, statutory law, procedural law, substantive law, and agency regulations
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the differences between common law and agency regulations
     2.Understands the similarities between common law and agency regulations
     3.Understands the differences between statutory law and agency regulations
     4.Understands the similarities between statutory law and agency regulations
     5.Understands the differences between procedural law and agency regulations
     6.Understands the similarities between procedural law and agency regulations
     7.Understands the differences between substantive law and agency regulations
     8.Understands the similarities between substantive law and agency regulations
   Benchmark 2.Knows common sources of law
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that laws have different sources
   Benchmark 3.Understands the process courts use to make law, and the importance of precedent in the legal system
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the process courts use to make law
     2.Understands the importance of precedent in the legal system
   Benchmark 4.Understands the jurisdiction and function of state courts, federal courts, appellate courts, and the Supreme Court
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the jurisdiction of state courts
     2.Understands the jurisdiction of federal courts
     3.Understands the jurisdiction of appellate courts
     4.Understands the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
     5.Understands the function of state courts
     6.Understands the function of federal courts
     7.Understands the function of appellate courts
     8.Understands the function of the Supreme Court
   Benchmark 5.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of various methods for resolving disputes, such as litigation, arbitration, mediation, and conciliation
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the advantages of various methods for resolving disputes
     2.Understands the disadvantages of various methods for resolving disputes
     3.Understands the advantages of litigation for resolving disputes
     4.Understands the advantages of arbitration for resolving disputes
     5.Understands the advantages of mediation for resolving disputes
     6.Understands the advantages of conciliation for resolving disputes
     7.Understands the disadvantages of mediation for resolving disputes
     8.Understands the disadvantages of arbitration for resolving disputes
     9.Understands the disadvantages of mediation for resolving disputes
     10.Understands the disadvantages of conciliation for resolving disputes
   Benchmark 6.Knows different kinds of business crimes (e.g., arson, forgery, fraud, embezzlement)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows about arson as a business crime
     2.Knows about forgery as a business crime
     3.Knows about fraud as a business crime
     4.Knows about embezzlement as a business crime
 Standard 8.  Understands the nature of contract law, law of sales, and consumer law
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands legislation protecting the rights of consumers (e.g., Fair Credit Reporting Act, Fair Credit Billing Act, Equal Credit Opportunity Act, Consumer Credit Protection Act, Federal Trade Commission Act, Consumer Product Safety Act)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the Fair Credit Reporting Act protects the rights of consumers
     2.Understands how the Fair Credit Billing Act protects the rights of consumers
     3.Understands how the Equal Credit Opportunity Act protects the rights of consumers
     4.Understands how the Consumer Credit Protection Act protects the rights of consumers
     5.Understands how the Federal Trade Commission Act protects the rights of consumers
     6.Understands how the Consumer Product Safety Act protects the rights of consumers
   Benchmark 4.Understands how different countries’ laws affect contractual transactions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands laws affecting contractual transactions in various countries
 Standard 9.  Understands the nature of agency law and employment law
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands how specific pieces of legislation affect employers and workers (e.g,. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Family and Medical Leave Act, the Occupational Safety and Health Act, workers’ compensation legislation, social security legislation, the National Labor Relations Act; the Taft-Hartley Act)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how specific pieces of legislation affect employers
     2.Understands how specific pieces of legislation affect workers
     3.Understands how Title VII of the Civil Rights Act affects employers and workers
     4.Understands how the Americans with Disabilities Act affects employers and workers
     5.Understands how the Family and Medical Leave Act affects employers and workers
     6.Understands how the Occupational Safety and Health Act affects employers and workers
     7.Understands how workers’ compensation legislation affects employers and workers
     8.Understands how social security legislation affects employers and workers
     9.Understands how the National Labor Relations Act affects employers and workers
     10.Understands how the Taft-Hartley Act affects employers and workers
 Standard 10.  Understands the nature of environmental law and energy regulation
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows various federal legislation pertaining to environmental protection (e.g., the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, the Toxic Substance Control Act)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows about the Clean Air Act
     2.Knows about the Clean Water Act
     3.Knows about the National Environmental Policy Act
     4.Knows about the Toxic Substance Control Act
   Benchmark 3.Knows state legislation pertaining to environmental protection and energy regulation
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows state legislation pertaining to environmental protection
     2.Knows state legislation pertaining to energy regulation
 Standard 11.  Understands the legal implications of electronic communications and information systems on business
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands legal and ethical issues related to the ownership of electronically generated information
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands legal issues related to the ownership of electronically generated information
     2.Understands ethical issues related to the ownership of electronically generated information
   Benchmark 2.Knows federal and state legislation that addresses computer crime
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows federal legislation that addresses computer crime
     2.Knows state legislation that addresses computer crime
   Benchmark 3.Knows federal and state copyright and trademark laws that regulate computer hardware and software
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows federal copyright laws that regulate computer hardware and software
     2.Knows state copyright laws that regulate computer hardware and software
     3.Knows federal trademark laws that regulate computer hardware and software
     4.Knows state trademark laws that regulate computer hardware and software
   Benchmark 5.Knows legal issues resulting from new technological developments (e.g., computer snooping, software piracy, computer hacking)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows legal issues resulting from computer snooping
     2.Knows legal issues resulting from software piracy
     3.Knows legal issues resulting from computer hacking
   Benchmark 6.Understands key aspects of computer law
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows about the key aspects of computer law