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Topic: Effects of physical activity  

Physical Education

 Standard 3.  Understands the benefits and costs associated with participation in physical activity
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the need for exercise
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that healthy bodies require exercise
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the health benefits of physical activity (e.g., good health, physical endurance)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that physical activity has health benefits
     2.Understands that physical activity can lead to good overall health
     3.Understands that physical activity can lead to physical endurance
  Level II (Grade 3-6)
   Benchmark 5.Understands detrimental effects of physical activity (e.g., muscle soreness, overuse injuries, over-training, temporary tiredness, and discovering inability)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that muscle soreness can be a detrimental effect of physical activity
     2.Understands that injury can be a detrimental effect of physical activity
     3.Understands that overtraining can be a detrimental effect of physical activity
     4.Understands that temporary tiredness can be a detrimental effect of physical activity
     5.Understands that discovering an inability can be a detrimental effect of physical activity
     6.Understands the physical activities can have detrimental effects
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands long-term physiological benefits of regular participation in physical activity (e.g., improved cardiovascular and muscular strength, improved flexibility and body composition)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that improved cardiovascular strength is a long-term physiological benefit of regular physical activity
     2.Understands that improved muscular strength is a long-term physiological benefit of regular physical activity
     3.Understands that improved flexibility is a long-term physiological benefit of regular physical activity
     4.Understands that improved body composition is a long-term physiological benefit of regular physical activity
   Benchmark 2.Understands long-term psychological benefits of regular participation in physical activity (e.g., healthy self-image, stress reduction, strong mental and emotional health)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that a healthy self-image is a long-term psychological benefit of regular physical activity
     2.Understands that stress reduction is a long-term psychological benefit of regular physical activity
     3.Understands that strong mental and emotional health are long-term psychological benefits of regular physical activity
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the potentially dangerous consequences and outcomes of participation in physical activity (e.g., physical injury, potential conflicts with others)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the potentially dangerous consequences of participation in a physical activity
     2.Understands the potentially dangerous outcomes of participation in a physical activity
     3.Understands that physical injury is a potential result of participation in a physical activity
     4.Understands that conflict with others is a potential result of participation in a physical activity
 Standard 4.  Understands how to monitor and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical fitness
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 3.Knows the physiological indicators (e.g., perspiration, increased heart and breathing rate) that accompany moderate to vigorous physical activity
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that perspiration is a physiological indicator that accompanies moderate to vigorous physical activity
     2.Knows that increased heart rate is a physiological indicator that accompanies moderate to vigorous physical activity
     3.Knows that increased breathing rate is a physiological indicator that accompanies moderate to vigorous physical activity
     4.Knows there are physiological indicators that indicate moderate to vigorous physical activity
  Level II (Grade 3-6)
   Benchmark 4.Knows the effects of physical activity and nutrition on body composition
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the effects of physical activity on body composition
     2.Knows the effects of nutrition on body composition
   Benchmark 5.Knows how to monitor intensity of exercise (e.g., heart rate, breathing rate, perceived exertion, and recovery rate)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that exercise intensity can be monitored through the heart rate
     2.Knows that exercise intensity can be monitored through the breathing rate
     3.Knows that exercise intensity can be monitored through by perceived exertion
     4.Knows that exercise intensity can be monitored through the recovery rate
     5.Knows there are ways to monitor the intensity of an exercise