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Topic: Rapid industrialization and environmental issues, late 19th century 

United States History

 Standard 16.  Understands how the rise of corporations, heavy industry, and mechanized farming transformed American society
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 4.Understands environmental issues of the late 19th century (e.g., environmental costs of pollution and depletion of natural resources; efforts of reformers to control pollution and promote concern for the natural environment)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands environmental costs of pollution in the late 19th century
     2.Understands the costs of depletion of natural resources in the late 19th century
     3.Knows about the efforts of reformers to control pollution in the late 19th century
     4.Knows about the efforts of reformers to promote concern for the natural environment in the late 19th century
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 5.Understands various influences on the scenic and urban environment (e.g., how rapid industrialization, extractive mining techniques, and the "gridiron pattern" of urban growth influenced the city and countryside; environmentalism and the conservation movement in the late 19th century)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands various influences on the scenic environment
     2.Understands various influences on the urban environment
     3.Understands how rapid industrialization influenced the city
     4.Understands how rapid industrialization influenced the countryside
     5.Understands how extractive mining techniques influenced the city
     6.Understands how extractive mining techniques influenced the countryside
     7.Understands how the "gridiron pattern" of urban growth influenced the city
     8.Understands how the "gridiron pattern" of urban growth influenced the countryside
     9.Understands environmentalism in the late 19th century
     10.Understands the conservation movement in the late 19th century
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Understands the factors leading to the conservation movement of the late 19th century (e.g., how emphasis on staple crop production, strip mining, lumbering, ranching, and destruction of western buffalo herds led to massive environmental damage)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how emphasis on staple crop production led to massive environmental damage in the late 19th century
     2.Understands how emphasis on strip mining led to massive environmental damage in the late 19th century
     3.Understands how lumbering led to massive environmental damage in the late 19th century
     4.Understands how ranching led to massive environmental damage in the late 19th century
     5.Understands how the destruction of western buffalo herds led to massive environmental damage in the late 19th century
   Benchmark 5.Understands how rapid increase in population and industrial growth in urban areas influenced the environment (e.g., inefficient urban garbage collection and sewage disposal, how city leaders and residents coped with environmental problems in the city)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how rapid increase in population in urban areas influenced the environment
     2.Understands how industrial growth in urban areas influenced the environment
     3.Understands how inefficient urban garbage collection influenced the environment
     4.Understands how inefficient sewage disposal in urban areas influenced the environment
     5.Understands how city leaders coped with environmental problems in the city
     6.Understands how city residents coped with environmental problems in the city