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Topic: Muscular strength and endurance 

Physical Education

 Standard 1.  Uses a variety of basic and advanced movement forms
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 6.Demonstrates strength and control to accomplish a variety of tasks
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Carries a container of liquid with little spilling
     2.Pours liquid from a container with little spilling
     3.Uses small muscles to turn a door knob
     4.Uses small muscles to remove a lid
     5.Manipulates clay materials
     6.Squeezes a sponge
 Standard 4.  Understands how to monitor and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical fitness
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Exercises through play and group games to increase strength, endurance, and flexibility
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Participates in games that involve movement
     2.Increases strength, endurance, and flexibility
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 4.Engages in activities that develop muscular strength and endurance (e.g., climbing, hanging, taking weight on hands)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Engages in activities that develop muscular strength and endurance, such as climbing
     2.Engages in activities that develop muscular strength and endurance, such as hanging
     3.Engages in activities that develop muscular strength and endurance, such as taking weight on their hands
  Level II (Grade 3-6)
   Benchmark 2.Engages in activities that develop and maintain muscular strength (e.g., push-ups, pull-ups, curl-ups, isometric strength activities, jump rope)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Engages in activities that develop and maintain muscular strength, such as push ups
     2.Engages in activities that develop and maintain muscular strength, such as pull-ups
     3.Engages in activities that develop and maintain muscular strength, such as isometric strength exercises
     4.Engages in activities that develop and maintain muscular strength, such as jumping rope
   Benchmark 6.Meets health-related fitness standards for appropriate level of a standardized physical fitness test (e.g., aerobic capacity, body composition, muscle strength, endurance, and flexibility)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Meets health-related fitness standards for aerobic capacity at appropriate level
     2.Meets health-related fitness standards for body composition at appropriate level
     3.Meets health-related fitness standards for muscular strength at appropriate level
     4.Meets health-related fitness standards for muscular endurance at appropriate level
     5.Meets health-related fitness standards for flexibility at appropriate level
   Benchmark 8.Uses information from fitness assessments to improve selected fitness components (e.g., cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and body composition)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses information from fitness assessments to improve cardiorespiratory endurance
     2.Uses information from fitness assessments to improve muscular strength
     3.Uses information from fitness assessments to improve muscular endurance
     4.Uses information from fitness assessments to improve flexibility
     5.Uses information from fitness assessments to improve body composition
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 2.Engages in more advanced activities that develop and maintain muscular strength and endurance (e.g., calisthenics activities, resistance, and weight training)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Engages in more advanced activities that develop and maintain muscular strength and endurance, such as calisthenics activities
     2.Engages in more advanced activities that develop and maintain muscular strength and endurance, such as resistance activities
     3.Engages in more advanced activities that develop and maintain muscular strength and endurance, such as weight training
   Benchmark 6.Meets health-related fitness standards for appropriate level of a standardized physical fitness test (e.g., aerobic capacity, body composition, muscle strength, endurance, and flexibility)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Meets health-related fitness standards for aerobic capacity at appropriate level
     2.Meets health-related fitness standards for body composition at appropriate level
     3.Meets health-related fitness standards for muscular strength at appropriate level
     4.Meets health-related fitness standards for muscular endurance at appropriate level
     5.Meets health-related fitness standards for flexibility at appropriate level
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Knows personal status of muscular strength and endurance of the arms, shoulders, abdomen, back, and legs
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the personal status of one’s muscular strength and endurance of the arms
     2.Knows the personal status of one’s muscular strength and endurance of the shoulders
     3.Knows the personal status of one’s muscular strength and endurance of the abdomen
     4.Knows the personal status of one’s muscular strength and endurance of the back
     5.Knows the personal status of one’s muscular strength and endurance of the legs
   Benchmark 5.Meets health-related fitness standards for appropriate level of a physical fitness test (e.g., aerobic capacity, body composition, muscle strength, endurance, and flexibility)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Meets health-related fitness standards for aerobic capacity at appropriate level
     2.Meets health-related fitness standards for body composition at appropriate level
     3.Meets health-related fitness standards for muscular strength at appropriate level
     4.Meets health-related fitness standards for muscular endurance at appropriate level
     5.Meets health-related fitness standards for flexibility at appropriate level
   Benchmark 8.Designs a personal fitness program that is based on the basic principles of training and encompasses all components of fitness (e.g., cardiovascular and respiratory efficiency, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and body composition)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Designs a personal fitness program that is based on the basic principles of training
     2.Designs a personal fitness program that encompasses all the components of fitness
     3.Designs a personal fitness program to improve cardiovascular and respiratory efficiency
     4.Designs a personal fitness program to improve muscular strength and endurance
     5.Designs a personal fitness program to improve flexibility
     6.Designs a personal fitness program to improve body composition