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Topic: Expansion of Islam, 11th-13th centuries 

World History

 Standard 19.  Understands the maturation of an interregional system of communication, trade, and cultural exchange during a period of Chinese economic power and Islamic expansion
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the cultural characteristics of Islamic society (e.g., the importance of scientific, literary, and artistic contributions made by the Islamic civilization between the 11th and 13th centuries; how these contributions helped communication between different Islamic peoples; the diverse, multiethnic character of the Islamic state)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of scientific contributions made by the Islamic civilization between the 11th and 13th centuries
     2.Understands the importance of literary contributions made by the Islamic civilization between the 11th and 13th centuries
     3.Understands the importance of artistic contributions made by the Islamic civilization between the 11th and 13th centuries
     4.Knows how scientific, literary, and artistic contributions of Islamic civilization helped communication between different Islamic peoples
     5.Understands the diverse, multiethnic character of the Islamic state
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 6.Understands the expansion of Islam and daily life in Islamic regions (e.g., how Turkic migration from Turkestan into Southwest Asia and India helped Islam expand and forced the retreat of Byzantium and Greek Christian civilization, what life in Egypt was like for Jewish and Christian communities, what student life was like in Islamic regions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the expansion of Islam
     2.Understands daily life in Islamic regions
     3.Understands how Turkic migration from Turkestan into Southwest Asia and India helped Islam expand and forced the retreat of Byzantium and Greek Christian civilization
     4.Understands what life in Egypt was like for Jewish and Christian communities
     5.Understands what student life was like in Islamic regions
   Benchmark 7.Understands elements of trade in different regions (e.g., the importance of Cairo and other major cities as centers of international trade and culture; how the spread of Islam was connected to trade in Central Asia, East Africa, West Africa, the coasts of India, and Southeast Asia; the importance to individual societies of goods traded between Asia, Africa, and Europe; the consequences placed on maritime trade by the seasonal monsoon winds in the Indian Ocean; features and functions of caravansaries and khans in Central Asian and Middle Eastern cities; which ships were most successfully used for trade in the Indian Ocean and why)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of Cairo and other major cities as centers of international trade and culture
     2.Understands how the spread of Islam was connected to trade in Central Asia, East Africa, West Africa, the coasts of India, and Southeast Asia
     3.Understands the importance to individual societies of goods traded between Asia, Africa, and Europe
     4.Understands the consequences placed on maritime trade by the seasonal monsoon winds in the Indian Ocean
     5.Knows features and functions of caravansaries and khans in Central Asian and Middle Eastern cities
     6.Knows which ships were most successfully used for trade in the Indian Ocean and why
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands how different religious movements influenced various cultures between the 11th and 13th centuries (e.g., the origins and growth of the North African Islamic reform movements; the impact of Christian campaigns of the Crusades on the societies and Muslim populations of Cairo, Damascus, and Sicily)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the origins of the North African Islamic reform movements
     2.Understands the growth of the North African Islamic reform movements
     3.Understands the impact of Christian campaigns of the Crusades on the societies and Muslim populations of Cairo, Damascus, and Sicily
   Benchmark 4.Understands the significance of Sufism (e.g., the basic beliefs of Sufism and Sufism's role in the spread of Islam, how society and Sufi ideas are described and exemplified in Islamic literature, the roles and social position of Sufi orders in rural and urban areas)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the basic beliefs of Sufism
     2.Understands Sufism’s role in the spread of Islam
     3.Understands how society and Sufi ideas are described and exemplified in Islamic literature
     4.Knows the roles and social position of Sufi orders in rural and urban areas
   Benchmark 10.Understands cultural and political aspects of the Turkic Empires (e.g., the way of life of Turkic peoples such as the Seljuks, the origins and growth of the militaristic Seljuk and Ghazanavid Empires)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands cultural aspects of the Turkic Empires
     2.Understands political aspects of the Turkic Empires
     3.Understands the way of life of Turkic peoples such as the Seljuks
     4.Knows the origins of the militaristic Seljuk and Ghazanavid Empires
     5.Understands the growth of the militaristic Seljuk and Ghazanavid Empires
 Standard 22.  Understands the growth of states, towns, and trade in Sub-Saharan Africa between the 11th and 15th centuries
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the development of the empires of Mali and Songhay (e.g., the importance of Islamic expansion in the political and cultural life of Mali and Songhay; the economic, social, and religious characteristics of the two empires; the observations of Ibn Battua and Leo Africanus in Mali and Songhay; the importance of the Monarch Mansa Musa in Mali)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the development of the empire of Mali
     2.Understands the development of the empire of Songhay
     3.Understands the importance of Islamic expansion in the political and cultural life of Mali and Songhay
     4.Understands the economic characteristics of Mali
     5.Understands the religious characteristics of Mali
     6.Understands the social characteristics of Mali
     7.Understands the economic characteristics of Songhay
     8.Understands the religious characteristics of Mali
     9.Understands the social characteristics of Mali
     10.Knows the observations of Ibn Battua and Leo Africanus in Mali and Songhay
     11.Understands the importance of the Monarch Mansa Musa in Mali
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the influence of religion on African culture (e.g., Islamic and Christian expansion in Africa and why Islam was successful there; the differences between Coptic and Latin Christianity and how Coptics adapted African traditions to Christianity; the Zagwe Dynasty's achievements through patronage of Christian art and architecture, and characteristics of Ethiopian art and rock churches)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands aspects of Islamic and Christian expansion in Africa and why Islam was successful there
     2.Knows the differences between Coptic and Latin Christianity
     3.Understands how Coptics adapted African traditions to Christianity
     4.Understands the Zagwe Dynasty’s achievements through patronage of Christian art and architecture
     5.Knows the characteristics of Ethiopian art and rock churches
 Standard 25.  Understands major global trends from 1000 to 1500 CE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands influences on the growth of long-distance exchanges between different regions (e.g., the continuing spread of Islam, and the importance of Muslim civilization in mediating long-distance commercial, cultural, and intellectual exchanges; why new ports, manufacturing centers, merchant communities, and long-distance trade routes emerged in the region of the "Southern Seas," from the Arabian Sea to the coasts of China)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the continuing spread of Islam and the importance of Muslim civilization in mediating long distance commercial, cultural, and intellectual exchanges
     2.Understands why new ports, manufacturing centers, merchant communities, and long distance trade routes emerged in the region of the "Southern Seas," from the Arabian Sea to the coasts of China