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Topic: Politics and ideologies that led to the Civil War 

United States History

 Standard 13.  Understands the causes of the Civil War
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the development of sectional polarization and secession prior to the Civil War (e.g., how events after the Compromise of 1850 and the Dred Scott decision impacted sectional differences, southern justification for secession, the presidential leadership of Buchanan and Lincoln during the secession crisis)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the development of sectional polarization prior to the Civil War
     2.Understands the development of secession prior to the Civil War
     3.Understands how events after the Compromise of 1850 impacted sectional differences
     4.Understands how the Dred Scott decision impacted sectional differences
     5.Understands southern justification for secession
     6.Understands the presidential leadership of Buchanan during the secession crisis
     7.Understands the presidential leadership of Lincoln during the secession crisis
   Benchmark 3.Understands issues other than slavery that led to the Civil War (e.g., the appeal of the Northern "free labor" ideology in preventing the further extension of slavery in the new territories; cultural differences, conflicting economic issues, opposing constitutional perspectives)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the appeal of the Northern "free labor" ideology in preventing the further extension of slavery in the new territories
     2.Understands cultural differences that led to the Civil War
     3.Understands conflicting economic issues that led to the Civil War
     4.Understands the opposing constitutional perspectives that led to the Civil War
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the reasons for the disruption of the second American party system and how this led to the ascent of the Republican party in the 1850s
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the reasons for the disruption of the second American party system
     2.Understands the ascent of the Republican party in the 1850s
   Benchmark 2.Understands events that fueled the political and sectional conflicts over slavery and ultimately polarized the North and the South (e.g., the Missouri Compromise, the Wilmot Proviso, the Kansas-Nebraska Act)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the events that fueled the political conflict over slavery that ultimately polarized the North and the South
     2.Understands the events that fueled the sectional conflict over slavery that ultimately polarized the North and the South
     3.Understands how the Missouri Compromise fueled the conflict over slavery that ultimately polarized the North and the South
     4.Understands how the Wilmot Proviso fueled the conflict over slavery that ultimately polarized the North and the South
     5.Understands how the Kansas-Nebraska Act fueled the conflict over slavery that ultimately polarized the North and the South