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Topic: Measures of fitness 

Physical Education

 Standard 4.  Understands how to monitor and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical fitness
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 2.Knows how to measure cardiorespiratory fitness (e.g., listening to heartbeat, counting pulse rate)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that cardiorespiratory fitness can be measure by listening to their heartbeat
     2.Knows that cardiorespiratory fitness can be measure by counting their pulse rate
     3.Knows there are ways to measure cardiorespiratory fitness
   Benchmark 3.Knows the physiological indicators (e.g., perspiration, increased heart and breathing rate) that accompany moderate to vigorous physical activity
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that perspiration is a physiological indicator that accompanies moderate to vigorous physical activity
     2.Knows that increased heart rate is a physiological indicator that accompanies moderate to vigorous physical activity
     3.Knows that increased breathing rate is a physiological indicator that accompanies moderate to vigorous physical activity
     4.Knows there are physiological indicators that indicate moderate to vigorous physical activity
   Benchmark 6.Knows how body composition influences physical fitness levels (e.g., proportion of lean body mass to fat body mass)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that the proportion of lean body mass to fat body mass determines body composition
     2.Understands that body composition has an effect on one’s physical fitness level
  Level II (Grade 3-6)
   Benchmark 5.Knows how to monitor intensity of exercise (e.g., heart rate, breathing rate, perceived exertion, and recovery rate)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that exercise intensity can be monitored through the heart rate
     2.Knows that exercise intensity can be monitored through the breathing rate
     3.Knows that exercise intensity can be monitored through by perceived exertion
     4.Knows that exercise intensity can be monitored through the recovery rate
     5.Knows there are ways to monitor the intensity of an exercise
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 8.Knows how to differentiate the body’s response to physical activities of various exercise intensities (e.g., measurement of heart rate, resting heart rate, heart rate reserve; taking pulse at rest and during exercise)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the body’s response to different levels of exercise intensity can be measured
     2.Knows that the heart rate reserve is calculated by subtracting the resting heart rate from the maximum heart rate
     3.Knows that the heart rate reserve can be used to determine one’s optimum heart rate during exercise
     4.Knows that the resting pulse rate can be compared to the pulse rate during exercise to measure intensity