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Topic: Rule of law 

Civics

 Standard 3.  Understands the sources, purposes, and functions of law, and the importance of the rule of law for the protection of individual rights and the common good
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the difference between the "rule of law" and the "rule of men" (e.g., government decisions and actions made according to established laws vs. arbitrary action or decree)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the "rule of law"
     2.Understands the "rule of man"
     3.Understands that the "rule of law" and the "rule of man" are different
     4.Knows that the "rule of law" can be described as government decisions and actions made according to established laws
     5.Knows that the "rule of man" can be described as arbitrary action or decree
   Benchmark 2.Understands how and why the rule of law can be used to restrict the actions of private citizens and government officials
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the rule of law can be used to restrict the actions of private citizens
     2.Understands why the rule of law restricts the actions of private citizens
     3.Understands how the rule of law can be used to restrict the actions of government officials
     4.Understands why the rule of law restricts the actions of government officials
   Benchmark 3.Understands the possible consequences of the absence of a rule of law (e.g., anarchy, arbitrary and capricious rule, absence of predictability, disregard for established and fair procedures)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands anarchy as a possible consequence of the absence of rule of law
     2.Understands arbitrary and capricious rule as a possible consequence of the absence of rule of law
     3.Understands the lack of predictability as a possible consequence of the absence of rule of law
     4.Understands the disregard for established and fair procedures as a possible consequence of the absence of rule of law
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows alternative ideas about the sources of law (e.g., custom, Supreme Being, sovereigns, legislatures) and different varieties of law (e.g., divine law, natural law, common law, statute law, international law)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows alternative ideas about the sources of law
     2.Understands custom as a source of law
     3.Understands the Supreme Being as a source of law
     4.Understands sovereigns as a source of law
     5.Understands legislature as a source of law
     6.Knows the different varieties of law
     7.Understands the concept of divine law
     8.Understands the concept of natural law
     9.Understands the concept of common law
     10.Understands the concept of statute law
     11.Understands the concept of international law