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Topic: Electricity and Magnetism 

Engineering Education

 Standard 1.  Understands scientific principles related to electricity
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands formulas and laws relating to electricity (e.g., Ohm’s Law, Watt’s Law, Kirchoff’s Law, Thevenin and Norton equivalence circuits)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the formula for Ohm’s Law
     2.Knows the formula for Watt’s Law
     3.Knows the formulas for Kirchoff’s Laws
     4.Understands Thevenin and Norton equivalence circuits
     5.Understands Ohm’s Law
     6.Understands Watt’s Law
     7.Understands Kirchoff’s Laws
   Benchmark 3.Understands how to classify materials according to their conduction properties (e.g., insulator, conductor, semi-conductor)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows what conduction properties are
     2.Knows how to classify materials, such as insulators, by their conduction properties
     3.Knows how to classify materials, such as conductors, by their conduction properties
     4.Knows how to classify materials, such as semi-conductors, by their conduction properties
   Benchmark 4.Understands the relationship between power and work
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that power is work per unit time
   Benchmark 5.Understands the concepts of voltage, current, resistance, power, and energy
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the concept of voltage
     2.Understands that alternating current is constantly changing in amplitude and direction
     3.Understands that direct current is constant in direction
     4.Understands the concept of resistance
     5.Understands the concept of power
     6.Understands the concept of energy
   Benchmark 6.Understands the electromagnetic fundamentals of generators, transformers, and motors
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the electromagnetic fundamentals of generators
     2.Understands the electromagnetic fundamentals of transformers
     3.Understands the electromagnetic fundamentals of motors
 Standard 2.  Knows principles of circuit analysis
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the fundamental differences between analog and digital electronics
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands analog electronics
     2.Understands digital electronics
   Benchmark 2.Understands concepts of rectification, amplification, and oscillation of electrical systems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands rectification of electrical systems
     2.Understands amplification of electrical systems
     3.Understands oscillation of electrical systems
   Benchmark 3.Understands the fundamental differences between alternating and direct current
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that alternating current is constantly changing in amplitude and direction
     2.Understands some methods of generating alternating current
     3.Knows the advantages of alternating current power transmission
     4.Understands that direct current has a constant voltage and flows in only one direction
     5.Understands some methods of generating direct current
   Benchmark 4.Calculates and measures resistance, current, voltage, and power in series and parallel circuits
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Calculates resistance in a series circuit
     2.Calculates current in a parallel circuit
     4.Calculates power in a series circuit
     5.Measures resistance in a series circuit
     6.Measures current in a series circuit
     10.Calculates current in a parallel circuit
   Benchmark 5.Understands the structure, theory, and application of solid-state components and devices
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the structure of solid state components
     2.Understands the structure of solid state devices
     3.Understands the theory of solid state components
     4.Understands the theory of solid state devices
     5.Understands the application of solid state components
     6.Understands the application of solid state devices
 Standard 3.  Understands elements of circuit design and construction
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the types and function of electrical components (e.g., capacitors, inductors, transformers, power supplies, transistors, semiconductors, resistors, sensors, amplifiers)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the function of capacitors in circuit design
     2.Knows the function of inductors in circuit design
     3.Knows the function of transformers in circuit design
     4.Knows the function of power supplies in circuit design
     5.Knows the function of transistors in circuit design
     6.Knows the function of semiconductors in circuit design
     7.Knows the function of resistors in circuit design
     8.Knows the function of sensors in circuit design
     9.Knows the types of capacitors
     10.Knows the types of inductors
     11.Knows the function of amplifiers in circuit design
   Benchmark 6.Knows electrical color-coding systems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how to determine the capacitance of a capacitor based on its color code
     2.Knows how to determine the resistance of a resistor based on its color code
   Benchmark 7.Understands methods of modulation and demodulation
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands frequency modulation (FM)
     2.Understands amplitude modulation (AM)
     3.Understands how modulation is used for communication
     4.Understands how demodulation is used for communication
 Standard 5.  Understands energy and power types, sources, and conversions
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how power is derived from mechanical, chemical, nuclear, and alternative energy sources
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how power is derived from mechanical energy sources
     2.Understands how power is derived from chemical energy sources
     3.Understands how power is derived from nuclear energy sources
     4.Understands how power is derived from alternative energy sources