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Topic: Characteristics of places 

Geography

 Standard 4.  Understands the physical and human characteristics of place
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the physical and human characteristics of the local community (e.g., neighborhoods, schools, parks, creeks, shopping areas, airports, museums, sports stadiums, hospitals)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the physical characteristics of the local community
     2.Knows the human characteristics of the local community
     3.Knows that neighborhoods are a human characteristic of the local community
     4.Knows that parks are a human characteristic of the local community
     5.Knows that creeks are a physical characteristic of the local community
     6.Knows that shopping areas are a human characteristic of the local community
     7.Knows that airports are a human characteristic of the local community
     8.Knows that museums are a human characteristic of the local community
     9.Knows that sport stadiums are a human characteristic of the local community
     10.Knows that hospitals are a human characteristic of the local community
   Benchmark 2.Knows that places can be defined in terms of their predominant human and physical characteristics (e.g., rural, urban, forest, desert; or by types of land forms, vegetation, water bodies, climate)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that places can be defined in terms of their predominant human characteristics
     2.Knows that places can be defined in terms of their predominant physical characteristics
     3.Knows that some places can be defined as rural
     4.Knows that some places can be defined as desert
     5.Knows that some places can be defined as forest
     6.Knows that places can be defined by their types of land forms
     7.Knows that places can be defined by their vegetation
     8.Knows that places can be defined by their bodies of water
     9.Knows that places can be defined by their climate
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how the characteristics of places are shaped by physical and human processes (e.g., effects of agriculture on changing land use and vegetation; effects of settlement on the building of roads; relationship of population distribution to land forms, climate, vegetation, or resources)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the characteristics of places are shaped by physical processes
     2.Knows how the characteristics of places are shaped by human processes
     3.Knows the effects of agriculture on changing land use
     4.Knows the effects of agriculture on vegetation
     5.Knows the effects of human settlement on the building of roads
     6.Knows the relationship between population distribution and land forms
     7.Knows the relationship between population distribution and climate
     8.Knows the relationship between population distribution and vegetation
     9.Knows the relationship between population distribution and resources
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the human characteristics of places (e.g., cultural characteristics such as religion, language, politics, technology, family structure, gender; population characteristics; land uses; levels of development)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the cultural characteristics of different places
     2.Knows the religious characteristics of different places
     3.Knows the lingual characteristics of different places
     4.Knows the political characteristics of different places
     5.Knows the technological characteristics of different places
     6.Knows the characteristics of family structure of different places
     7.Knows the gender characteristics of different places
     8.Knows the population characteristics of different places
     9.Knows the land use characteristics of different places
     10.Knows the levels of development of different places
   Benchmark 2.Knows the physical characteristics of places (e.g., soils, land forms, vegetation, wildlife, climate, natural hazards)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the characteristics of soil in different places
     2.Knows the characteristics of land forms in different places
     3.Knows the characteristics of vegetation in different places
     4.Knows the characteristics of wildlife in different places
     5.Knows the characteristics of climate in different places
     6.Knows the characteristics of natural hazards in different places
   Benchmark 3.Knows how technology shapes the human and physical characteristics of places (e.g., satellite dishes, computers, road construction)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how technology shapes the human characteristics of places
     2.Knows how technology shapes the physical characteristics of places
     3.Knows that satellite dishes shape places
     4.Knows that computer technology shapes places
     5.Knows that road construction shapes places
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how social, cultural, and economic processes shape the features of places (e.g., resource use, belief systems, modes of transportation and communication; major technological changes such as the agricultural and industrial revolutions; population growth and urbanization)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how social processes shape the features of places
     2.Knows how cultural processes shape the features of places
     3.Knows how economic processes shape the features of places
     4.Knows that resource use shapes the features of places
     5.Knows that belief systems shape the features of places
     6.Knows that transportation shapes the features of places
     7.Knows that communication shapes the features of places
     8.Knows that agricultural revolutions shape the features of places
     9.Knows that industrial revolutions shape the features of places
     10.Knows that population growth shapes the features of places
     11.Knows that urbanization shapes the features of places
   Benchmark 2.Understands why places have specific physical and human characteristics in different parts of the world (e.g., the effects of climatic and tectonic processes, settlement and migration patterns, site and situation components)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands why places have specific physical characteristics in different parts of the world
     2.Understands why places have specific human characteristics in different parts of the world
     3.Understands the effect of climatic processes on physical characteristics in different parts of the world
     4.Understands the effect of climatic processes on human characteristics in different parts of the world
     5.Understands the effect of tectonic processes on physical characteristics in different parts of the world
     6.Understands the effect of tectonic processes on human characteristics in different parts of the world
     7.Understands the effect of settlement patterns on physical characteristics in different parts of the world
     8.Understands the effect of settlement patterns on human characteristics in different parts of the world
     9.Understands the effect of migration patterns on physical characteristics in different parts of the world
     10.Understands the effect of migration patterns on human characteristics in different parts of the world
     11.Understands the effect of site components on physical characteristics in different parts of the world
     12.Understands the effect of site components on human characteristics in different parts of the world
     13.Understands the effect of situation components on physical characteristics in different parts of the world
     14.Understands the effect of situation components on human characteristics in different parts of the world
   Benchmark 3.Knows the locational advantages and disadvantages of using places for different activities based on their physical characteristics (e.g., flood plain, forest, tundra, earthquake zone, river crossing, coastal flood zone)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the locational advantages of using places for different activities based on their physical characteristics
     2.Knows the locational disadvantages of using places for different activities based on their physical characteristics
     3.Knows the advantages of using a flood plain for certain activities
     4.Knows the disadvantages of using a flood plain for certain activities
     5.Knows the advantages of using a forest for certain activities
     6.Knows the disadvantages of using a forest for certain activities
     7.Knows the advantages of using the tundra for certain activities
     8.Knows the disadvantages of using the tundra for certain activities
     9.Knows the advantages of using an earthquake zone for certain activities
     10.Knows the disadvantages of an earthquake zone for certain activities
     11.Knows the advantages of using a river crossing for certain activities
     12.Knows the disadvantages of using a river crossing for certain activities
     13.Knows the advantages of using a coastal flood zone for certain activities
     14.Knows the disadvantages of using a coastal flood zone for certain activities