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Topic: Reading fundamentals 

Language Arts

 Standard 5.  Uses the general skills and strategies of the reading process
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that print and written symbols convey meaning and represent spoken language
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that print conveys meaning
     2.Associates sounds with written words
   Benchmark 2.Understands the differences between letters, numbers, and words and knows the significance of spaces between words
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows what a letter is
     2.Knows what a number is
     3.Knows what a word is
     4.Distinguishes between letters and numbers
     5.Distinguishes between letters and words
     6.Distinguishes between numbers and words
     7.Knows the significance of spaces between words
   Benchmark 3.Understands that illustrations and pictures convey meaning
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that pictures convey meaning
     2.Knows that illustrations convey meaning
   Benchmark 4.Knows the proper way to handle books (e.g., hold the book upright; turn pages from front to back, one at a time)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that a book is held upright
     2.Knows that a book has a front cover
     3.Knows that a book has a back cover
     4.Knows that a book contains pages
     5.Knows that the pages in a book are turned from front to back
     6.Knows that the pages in a book are turned one page at a time
   Benchmark 5.Knows that print is read from left to right, top to bottom, and that books are read front to back
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that print is read from left to right
     2.Knows that print is read from top to bottom
     3.Knows that a book has a front cover
     4.Knows that a book has a back cover
     5.Knows that a book is read from front to back
   Benchmark 6.Knows some letters of the alphabet, such as those in the student’s own name
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows some letters of the alphabet
     2.Knows how to spell own name
   Benchmark 7.Knows some familiar words in print, such as own first name
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Recognizes own name in print
     2.Recognizes familiar words in print
   Benchmark 8.Knows that print appears in different forms (e.g., labels, letters, storybooks) and serves different purposes (e.g., to inform)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that letters contain print
     2.Knows that labels contain print
     3.Knows that storybooks contain print
     4.Knows that print can tell a story
     5.Knows that print can be informative
     6.Knows that labels serve a particular purpose
     7.Knows that letters serve a particular purpose
     8.Knows that storybooks serve a particular purpose
   Benchmark 9.Knows familiar print in their environment (e.g., traffic signs, store logos)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows meaning of familiar environmental print
     2.Knows meaning of various traffic signs
     3.Knows meaning of various commercial logos
     4.Knows that print is commonly found in the surrounding environment
   Benchmark 10.Predicts story events or outcomes, using illustrations and prior knowledge as a guide
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses illustrations to predict story events
     2.Uses illustrations to predict story outcomes
     3.Uses prior knowledge to predict story events
     4.Uses prior knowledge to predict story outcomes
   Benchmark 11.Uses emergent reading skills to "read" a story (e.g., gathers meaning from words and pictures)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Pretends to read to self and others
     2.Uses words to practice reading
     3.Uses pictures to read a story
   Benchmark 12.Knows that books have titles, authors, and often illustrators
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that a title is the name of a book
     2.Knows that an author writes books
     3.Knows that an illustrator draws the pictures in a book
 Standard 6.  Uses skills and strategies to read a variety of literary texts
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the sequence of events (e.g., beginning, middle, and end) in a story
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that a story has a beginning, middle, and end
   Benchmark 3.Understands the literal meaning of plays, poems, and stories
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Listens to plays
     2.Listens to poems
     3.Listens to stories
   Benchmark 5.Relates stories to his/her own life and experience
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that stories may be similar to personal experiences