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Topic: Writing fundamentals 

Language Arts

 Standard 1.  Uses the general skills and strategies of the writing process
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that writing, including pictures, letters, and words, communicates meaning and information
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that writing conveys meaning
     2.Knows that writing consists of letters and words
     3.Knows that words consist of a combination of letters
     4.Knows that pictures used in writing convey meaning
   Benchmark 2.Uses drawings to express thoughts, feelings, and ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Represents stories and experiences through pictures
     2.Represents thoughts, feelings, and ideas through pictures
     3.Knows that pictures can convey thoughts, feelings, and ideas
   Benchmark 3.Uses forms of emergent writing (e.g., scribble writing, random symbols, random letter-like marks) to represent ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that writing conveys meaning
     2.Uses various early writing skills to express ideas
     3.Uses scribbles to represent ideas
     4.Uses random symbols to represent ideas
     5.Uses random letter-like marks to represent ideas
   Benchmark 4.Dictates stories, poems, and personal narratives
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Dictates stories
     2.Dictates poems
     3.Dictates personal narratives
   Benchmark 5.Uses emergent writing skills to write for a variety of purposes (e.g., to make lists, to send messages, to write stories)and to write in a variety of forms (e.g., journals, sign-in sheets, name cards, cards with words and pictures)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses emergent writing for a variety of purposes
     2.Uses emergent writing skills to write in a variety of forms
     3.Uses emergent writing skills to make lists
     4.Uses emergent writing skills to send messages
     5.Uses emergent writing skills to write stories
     6.Uses emergent writing skills to write in journals
     7.Uses emergent writing skills to write on sign-in sheets
     8.Uses emergent writing skills to write name cards
     9.Uses emergent writing skills to write cards with words and pictures
   Benchmark 6.Uses knowledge of letters to write or copy familiar words, such as own name
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the letters in own name
     2.Knows how to copy own name
     3.Knows how to write own name
     4.Knows letters in familiar words
     5.Knows how to copy familiar words
     6.Knows how to write familiar words
     7.Knows the letters of the alphabet
     8.Knows how to form the letters of the alphabet
   Benchmark 7.Uses writing tools and materials (e.g., pencils, crayons, chalk, markers, rubber stamps, computers, paper, cardboard, chalkboard)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Holds a writing tool correctly
 Standard 3.  Uses grammatical and mechanical conventions in written compositions
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 2.Uses phonetic knowledge to spell simple words
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows different letter-sound relationships
     2.Uses knowledge of letter-sound relationships to write simple words
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Uses conventions of print in writing (e.g., forms letters in print, uses upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet, spaces words and sentences, writes from left-to-right and top-to-bottom, includes margins
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Includes margins in writing
     2.Forms letters in print
     3.Uses uppercase letters of the alphabet
     4.Uses lowercase letters of the alphabet
     5.Spaces words
     6.Spaces sentences
     7.Writes from left to right
     8.Writes from top to bottom
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Writes in cursive
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how individual letters are formed in cursive
     2.Forms letters in cursive