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Topic: Political parties, campaigns, and elections  

Civics

 Standard 7.  Understands alternative forms of representation and how they serve the purposes of constitutional government
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands differing bases of electoral systems (e.g., winner-take-all systems, proportional systems)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the concept of an electoral system
     2.Understands the winner-take-all system
     3.Understands the proportional system
 Standard 20.  Understands the roles of political parties, campaigns, elections, and associations and groups in American politics
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the role of political parties (e.g., structure the vote for the electorate, present issues, link government to the citizenry, organize the legislative and executive branches)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that structuring the vote for the electorate is one role of political parties
     2.Knows that presenting issues is one role of political parties
     3.Knows that linking government to the citizenry is one role of political parties
     4.Knows that organizing the legislative and executive branches are roles of political parties
   Benchmark 2.Knows the various kinds of elections (e.g., primary and general, local and state, congressional, presidential, recall)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows what a general election is
     2.Knows what a primary election is
     3.Knows what a local election is
     4.Knows what a state election is
     5.Knows what a congressional election is
     6.Knows what a presidential election is
     7.Knows what a recall election is
   Benchmark 3.Understands the ways in which individuals can participate in political parties, campaigns, and elections
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the ways in which individuals can participate in political parties
     2.Understands the ways in which individuals can participate in campaigns
     3.Understands the ways in which individuals can participate in elections
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the origins and development of the two party system in the United States, and understands the role of third parties
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the origin of the two party system in the United States
     2.Knows the development of the two party system in the United States
     3.Understands the role of third parties in the United States
   Benchmark 2.Understands how and why American political parties differ from ideological parties in other countries
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how American political parties differ from ideological parties in other countries
     2.Understands why American political parties differ from ideological parties in other countries
   Benchmark 3.Knows the major characteristics of American political parties, how they vary by locality, how they reflect the dispersion of power, and how they provide citizens with numerous opportunities for participation
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the major characteristics of American political parties
     2.Knows how American political parties vary by locality
     3.Knows how American political parties reflect the dispersion of power
     4.Knows how American political parties provide citizens with numerous opportunities for participation
   Benchmark 4.Understands how political parties are involved in channeling public opinion, allowing people to act jointly, nominating candidates, conducting campaigns, and training future leaders; and understands why political parties in the United States are weaker today than they have been at times in the past
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how political parties are involved in channeling public opinion
     2.Understands how political parties are involved in allowing people to act jointly
     3.Understands how political parties are involved in nominating candidates
     4.Understands how political parties are involved in conducting campaigns
     5.Understands how political parties are involved in training future leaders
     6.Understands why political parties in the United States are weaker today than they have been at times in the past
   Benchmark 5.Knows the characteristics of initiatives and referendums
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the characteristics of initiatives
     2.Knows the characteristics of referendums
   Benchmark 6.Understands the significance of campaigns and elections in the American political system, and knows current criticisms of campaigns and proposals for their reform
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the significance of campaigns in the American political system
     2.Understands the significance of elections in the American political system
     3.Knows current criticisms of campaigns
     4.Knows proposals for campaign reform