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List of Benchmarks for World History

Standard 42.Understands major global trends from 1900 to the end of World War II
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Understands major shifts in world geopolitics between 1900 and 1945, and understands the growing role of the United States in international affairs
   2. Understands how new technologies and scientific breakthroughs both benefited and imperiled humankind
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands the nature and extent of Western military, political, and economic power in the world in 1945 compared with 1900
   2. Understands the ideologies, policies, and governing methods of 20th century totalitarian regimes compared to those of contemporary democracies and absolutist states of earlier centuries
   3. Understands influences on the emergence of movements for national self-rule or sovereignty in Africa and Asia (e.g., world war, depression, nationalist ideology, labor organizations, communism, liberal democratic ideals)
   4. Understands ways in which secular ideologies (e.g., nationalism, fascism, communism, materialism) challenged or were challenged by established religions and ethical systems
   5. Understands patterns of social and cultural continuity in various societies (e.g., ways in which peoples maintained traditions, sustained basic loyalties, and resisted external challenges in an era of recurrent world crises)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands how revolutionary movements in such countries as Mexico, Russia, and China either drew upon or rejected liberal, republican, and constitutional ideals of 18th and 19th century revolutions
   2. Understands why mass consumer economies developed in some industrialized countries of the world but not in others