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List of Benchmarks for World History

Standard 37.Understand major global trends from 1750 to 1914
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Understands major shifts in world population and urbanization in this era and how factors such as industrialization, migration, changing diets, and scientific and medical advances affected worldwide demographic trends (e.g., the changes large cities around the world went through during this period, such as Guangzhou [Canton], Cairo, Tokyo, Buenos Aires, Bombay, San Francisco, and London)
   2. Understands the experiences of immigrants to North and South America in the 19th century
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands industrialization and its social impact in Great Britain, France, Germany, the United States, Russia, Japan, and other countries (e.g., conditions for rural families, the roles of women and children, the daily lives of working class men and women)
   2. Understands major patterns of long-distance migration of Europeans, Africans, and Asians, as well as causes and consequences of these movements (e.g., migrations from Asia and Africa between 1750 and 1900)
   3. Understands major changes in world political boundaries during this era (e.g., why a few European states achieved extensive military, political, and economic power in the world)
   4. Understands where Christianity and Islam grew in this era, and understands the causes of 19th-century reform movements or renewal in Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism
   5. Understands trends in world population between 1500 and 1900, where the greatest increases occurred, and possible factors for this growth
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands the importance of ideas associated with republicanism, liberalism, socialism, and constitutionalism on 19th-century political life in such states as Great Britain, France, the United States, Germany, Russia, Mexico, Argentina, the Ottoman Empire, China, or Japan (e.g., how these movements were tied to new or old-class interests)
   2. Understands patterns of social and cultural continuity in various societies, and how people maintained and resisted external changes in an era of expanding Western hegemony and rapid industrial and urban change (e.g., the efforts of people such as Jamal al-Din, al-Afghani, Rashid Rida, and Muhammad Abdul)
   3. Understands the process of educational reform in various Muslim regions during the 19th century (e.g., the new institutions that were established, the effect of this reform on women, those areas that wholly embraced Western values, and those that rejected them)