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List of Benchmarks for World History

Standard 31.Understands major global trends from 1450 to 1770
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Understands major shifts in world demography and urbanization between 1450 and 1770 and reasons for these changes
   2. Understands the major changes in world political boundaries that took place between 1450 and 1770, and how far European nations had extended political and military influence in Africa, Asia, and the Americas as of the mid-18th century
   3. Understands how the acceleration of scientific and technological innovations in this era affected social, economic, and cultural life in various parts of the world (e.g., the broad effects of navigational and ship-building innovations such as astrolabe and lateen sails)
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Knows ways in which expanding capitalistic enterprise and commercialization affected relations among states and contributed to changing class and race relations
   2. Understands the influence of technological advancements on society (e.g., how innovations in military technology and tactics changed the balance of naval military power and affected empire building around the globe; countries that benefitted and suffered as a result of military innovations)
   3. Knows how Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity spread between 1450 and 1750 (e.g., the location and geographical area of influence, the rate of growth of practitioners, reasons for growth)
   4. Understands patterns of social and cultural continuity in various societies (e.g., ways in which peoples maintained traditions and resisted external challenges in the context of a rapidly changing world)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands the catalysts behind the shift of economic power from the Mediterranean basin to Northern Europe during the 16th century
   2. Understands the emergence of capitalism in India and Europe (e.g., the expanding capitalist system, the rise of the middle class, and changes in the textile industry in India after 1700; why modern capitalism successfully developed in England, Holland, and France but failed to take root in Italy, Spain, or Portugal; the rise of Western European capitalism and its effects on the rest of the world)
   3. Understands how the Ming and Qing rulers viewed the European merchants, Christian missionaries, and military personnel who sought trading privileges in China
   4. Understands how traditional Puritan and Confucian attitudes toward profit making affected commerce and trading practices in China and the early New England colonies