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List of Benchmarks for World History

Standard 30.Understands transformations in Asian societies in the era of European expansion
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Understands the impact of European military and commercial involvement in Asia (e.g., how the Netherlands, England, and France became naval and commercial powers in the Indian Ocean basin in the 17th and 18th centuries; the impact of British and French commercial and military penetration on politics, economy, and society in India; why the Dutch wanted military and commercial influence in Indonesia and how this imperialism affected the region's economy and society; why Asian trade was so important within the British economic and political structure)
   2. Understands social and political features of Japanese society under the Tokugawa shogunate (e.g., centralized feudalism in Japan and how Japan achieved political stability, economic growth, and cultural dynamism; the nature of the relationship between Japan and European powers between the 16th and 18th centuries)
   3. Understands the role of art in conveying ideas in China and Japan (e.g., how nature is portrayed in Chinese and Japanese brush paintings)
   4. Knows what groups of people in India most frequently converted to Islam between the 16th and 18th centuries, and the major vehicle for conversion
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands political, economic, and social aspects of Chinese society during the era of European expansion (e.g., how the Manchus overthrew the Ming Dynasty and the consequences of this event; demands and consequences of increasing population growth, agricultural output, commerce, and European trading networks in the Manchu Empire; treatment and opportunities open to women in 17th-and 18th-century China)
   2. Understands trade patterns and relations between Europe and China (e.g., how well the Chinese government was able to control European trade within its borders and the extent of European commercial penetration; trade routes and major port cities used by the Europeans in their trade with China, and why Gangzhou [Canton] was central in this trade; the trade relationship between Britain and China in the 18th century)
   3. Understands how the spread of different religions affected various Asian countries (e.g., how and why Islam continued to expand in India, Southeast Asia, and China)
   4. Understands features in the development of Korean and Japanese culture (e.g., why Korea was called the "Hermit Kingdom" before 1800, the role and status of women in Tokugawa Japan, the roots and development of 17th-century Japanese art forms)
   5. Understands the spread of Confucianism in various Asian cultures (e.g., how the rising popularity of Confucianism among the elites in Korea and Japan contributed to changes in the roles of women; how Confucianism was influenced by government and society in China, Korea, Japan, and Vietnam)
   6. Understands the evolution, recurring themes, and foreign influence in Japanese art and artists (e.g., Nikko and Katsuru rikyu, Sotabu screens, brush painting, works of Shiba Kokan) and how they reflected society
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands the economic and cultural consequences of European involvement in other countries (e.g., the significance of Christian missionary activity in India, Vietnam, and the Philippines, and how people of other religions - Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam - responded to these efforts; Joseph Francois Dupleix's theory of "divide and rule" in South India for the French, and how this policy affected relations between the British East India Company and Indian peasants; how the French, Dutch, and British attempted to remedy unfavorable trade balances in Asia between 1500 and 1800)
   2. Understands the impact of the Seven Years War on the relative power of Britain and France in Asia
   3. Knows the events that led to the demise of centralized control by the imperial Mughals and the ascent of Maratha and Sikh power in India
   4. Understands the cultural, economic, and social structure of China during the period of European commercial expansion (e.g., cultural and economic achievements of the Chinese during the reigns of the Kangzi and Qianlong emperors; the major differences in the trading policies of the Ming and Manchu, the factors that contributed to these changes, and European products desired by the Chinese; aspects of life of the elite in China; the family and its role in Chinese society)
   5. Understands the spread of different religions throughout the world (e.g., the varieties of Buddhism and Hindu practice and teaching that developed in Asia and their influence on social and cultural life; major world religions in the mid-18th century, their relative sizes, and their degrees of success at winning new converts; how the development of Buddhism in Japan compared to that in China)
   6. Understands how art, literature, and architecture reflect features of different cultures and religions (e.g., the influence of new currents in both Confucianism and Chinese art, architecture, and literature on cultural life in Korea, Vietnam, and Japan in the 17th and 18th centuries; the role of women in the Bhati movement of the 16th century, as reflected in the poetry of Mirabai; the Islamic and Hindu influences in the poetry of Kabir)
   7. Understands Mughal responses to the expansion of European commercial and maritime power in Asia (e.g., Mughal efforts to control the expansion and influence of European trading centers in India, and how these compared to similar efforts by the Chinese and Japanese to regulate foreign trade and influence within their borders; the catalysts behind the military buildup of Emperor Aurazngzeb in 1700 and how he responded to growing maritime strength of the British and French)
   8. Understands foreign influences on Japanese and Chinese economies (e.g., the impact of American silver upon the Japanese and Chinese economies between the 16th and 18th centuries, the role the Portuguese and Dutch played in Japanese trade, and why Japan limited trade to the West but not to Asia)
   9. Understands how the unification of Japan and the centralization of feudalism under Tokugawa rule compared to the rise of nation states in early modern Europe