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List of Benchmarks for World History

Standard 25.Understands major global trends from 1000 to 1500 CE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Understands influences on the growth of long-distance exchanges between different regions (e.g., the continuing spread of Islam, and the importance of Muslim civilization in mediating long-distance commercial, cultural, and intellectual exchanges; why new ports, manufacturing centers, merchant communities, and long-distance trade routes emerged in the region of the "Southern Seas," from the Arabian Sea to the coasts of China)
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands how major migratory and military movements of pastoral peoples of Asia and Africa affected agrarian states and societies of Eurasia and Africa
   2. Understands economic, political, and cultural differences and similarities between Europe and Asia (e.g., causes and consequences of productive growth, commercialization, urbanization, and technological or scientific innovation in Europe and China; society, economy, and political organization of Europe and Japan, and causes of economic growth, urbanization, and cultural innovation in the two regions)
   3. Understands the impact of interaction between Christians and Muslims in the Mediterranean region (e.g., how their encounters, both hostile and peaceful, affected political, economic, and cultural life in Europe, North Africa, and Southwest Asia)
   4. Understands the concept of capitalism and the emergence of capitalistic institutions and productive methods in Europe and other parts of Afro-Eurasia
   5. Understands differences and similarities between the Inca and Aztec empires and empires of Afro-Eurasia (e.g., political institutions, warfare, social organizations, cultural achievements)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands demographic changes in various regions from 1000 to 1500 CE (e.g., the growth, decline, and recovery of the overall population of Afro-Eurasia; ways in which large demographic swings affected economic, social, and cultural life in various regions)