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List of Benchmarks for World History

Standard 14.Understands major developments in East Asia and Southeast Asia in the era of the Tang Dynasty from 600 to 900 CE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Understands geographic and political features of Tang China (e.g., the imperial conquests of the empire in Southeast and Central Asia; the locations of major cities in Tang China and their attraction for diverse people of differing religions; major geographical features of the area incorporated by the Tang Dynasty, the location of the network of canals, and how the Great Canal changed life in China; features of government and administration of Tang China)
   2. Understands characteristics of Japanese society through the imperial period (e.g., aspects of the indigenous development of Japanese society until the 7th century CE; the establishment of the imperial state in Japan and the role of the emperor in government; the political, social, and cultural role of women and their contributions to the court of Heian; how the geography of Japan affected its development and its relations with China and Korea)
   3. Understands the importance of the commercial state of Srivijava and the Straits of Malacca in Southeast Asia as a trade link between India and China (e.g., how the monsoon winds and geography of the strait contributed to Srivijava's wealth and power)
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands China's influence on other cultures (e.g., relations with pastoral peoples of Inner Asia in the Tang period and long-term patterns of interaction along China's grassland frontier; how Korea assimilated Chinese ideas and institutions yet preserved its political independence; China's colonization of Vietnam and the effects of Chinese rule on Vietnamese society, including resistance to Chinese domination)
   2. Understands how Buddhism was introduced from Tang China to Korea and Japan (e.g., why the Korean emperor encouraged Japan to adopt this religion)
   3. Understands the culture and technological achievements of Tang China (e.g., the ideals and values of everyday life expressed in the poetry, landscape, painting, and pottery of the Tang Dynasty; the system of roads and canals in Tang China; the extent of the Tang Empire, the trade routes used by the empire, and the products exchanged; major technologies developed under the Tang Dynasty, how these technologies influenced Tang society and spread to other regions)
   4. Understands events that shaped Japanese culture (e.g., the influence of Chinese culture on Japanese society from the 7th to the 11th century; use of Chinese as the lingua franca in East Asia in the late 1st millennium; major contributions and developments of early cultures of Japan from 10,000 B.C.E. to circa 200 CE; the influence of Buddhism on Japan between the 8th and 9th centuries, how it changed Japanese society, and reasons for its restriction by the emperor in Heian)
   5. Understands basic beliefs in Japanese culture (e.g., the legends of creation of Japan and what these legends reveal about Japanese history, the basic beliefs of Shinto and how art and literature reflect Shinto's impact, courtly life and ideals in Heian)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands social and political characteristics of the reunification of China (e.g., the process of political centralization and economic reforms that marked China's reunification under the Sui and Tang dynasties, the roles of women and family)
   2. Understands features of cultural life in various regions of China (e.g., differences between the lifestyles and living conditions in rural areas and urban communities during the Tang Dynasty, and how urban centers influenced growth in the arts; the significance of Chinese popular culture from the Tang Dynasty onward; the place of poetry and painting in the lives of scholar-officials in China, the values of the Chinese elite, and attitudes of poets toward the common people)
   3. Understands the influence of Chinese culture on different countries (e.g., the political and cultural influence of Tang China in East Asian countries such as Korea, Vietnam, and Japan; the uniqueness of the Chinese writing system and how Japan adapted this system to fit the spoken language of Japan)
   4. Understands the importance of women as authors at the Japanese court of the Heian period (e.g., the courtly roles and values reflected in works by female authors, such as the Diary of Muraski Shikibu and The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon)