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United States History

Standard 7.Understands the impact of the American Revolution on politics, economy, and society
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Understands the major political issues in the thirteen colonies after their independence from England (e.g., arguments over the Articles of Confederation, arguments over how to govern themselves)
   2. Understands the factors that led to Shay’s Rebellion
   3. Understands the social, political, and economic effects of the American revolutionary victory on different groups (e.g., rural farmers, wealthy merchants, enslaved and free African Americans, abolitionists, women who contributed to the war effort)
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands political and economic issues addressed by the Continental Congress (e.g., the accomplishments and failures of the Continental Congress, the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, revolutionary war debt, the dispute over the sale of western lands)
   2. Understands how the ideals of the American Revolution influenced the goals of various groups of people during and after the war (e.g., African Americans, Native Americans, Loyalists, women, young people)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands the differences among several state constitutions (e.g., various applications of 18th-century republicanism, such as virtue in government, balancing the interests of different social groups, service to the common good, representation, separation of powers, judicial independence, and the legitimacy of slavery)
   2. Understands the efforts of the Continental Congress and the states to rebuild the economy after the American Revolution (e.g., by addressing issues of foreign and internal trade, banking, and taxation)
   3. Understands the goals of different groups of people after the Revolution (e.g., the importance of African American leaders and institutions in shaping free black communities in the North, the influence of the American victory in advancing or retarding goals of different groups, the degree to which women were able to enter the public realm after 1776)