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List of Benchmarks for United States History

Standard 4.Understands how political, religious, and social institutions emerged in the English colonies
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Understands the influence of Enlightenment ideas on American society (e.g., Benjamin Franklin’s experiments with electricity)
   2. Understands the development of colonial governments (e.g., how early colonies differed in the way they were established and governed, how characteristics of colonial self-government such as the right to vote and hold office were reflected in the Mayflower Compact)
   3. Understands Puritanism in colonial America (e.g., how Puritanism shaped New England communities, the changes in Puritanism during the 17th century, opposition to King James I, why Puritans came to America, the Puritan family structure)  A 
   4. Understands how and why family and community life differed in various regions of colonial North America (e.g., Williamsburg, Philadelphia, Boston, New York, French Quebec, Santa Fe)  A 
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands ideas that influenced religious and political aspects of colonial America (e.g., how the growth of individualism contributed to participatory government, challenged inherited ideas of hierarchy, and affected the ideal of community; whether political rights in colonial society reflected democratic ideas; how Benjamin Franklin’s thirteen virtues in his Autobiography compare to Puritan ideas and values )
   2. Understands the concepts that contributed to the "rights of Englishmen" (e.g., as found in the Magna Carta, English Common law, the English Bill of Rights [1689])
   3. Understands the impact of the English Civil War and the Glorious Revolution on the colonies
   4. Understands how political, social, and economic tensions led to violent conflicts between the colonists and their governments (e.g. Bacon's rebellion, the Paxton Boys Massacre)
   5. Understands the role of religion in the English colonies (e.g., the evolution of religious freedom, treatment of religious dissenters such as Anne Hutchison, the concept of the separation of church and state)
   6. Understands how family and gender roles of different regions of colonial America changed across time (1600-1700)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands influences on the development of representative government in colonial America (e.g., conflicts between legislative and executive branches in Virginia, New York, and Massachusetts; how different colonies adopted different laws and governmental frameworks; how demography influenced different forms of government in the colonies; the influence of colonial institutions; how an abundance of land, devotion to private property, and a competitive entrepreneurial spirit influenced the idea of participatory government)
   2. Understands how gender, property ownership, religion, and legal status affected political rights (e.g., that women were not allowed to vote even if they held property and met religious requirements)
   3. Understands characteristics of religious development in colonial America (e.g., the presence of diverse religious groups and their contributions to religious freedom; the political and religious influence of the Great Awakening; the major tenets of Puritanism and its legacy in American society; the dissension of Anne Hutchison and Roger Williams, and Puritan objections to their ideas and behavior)
   4. Understands characteristics of the social structure of colonial America (e.g., the property rights of single, married, and widowed women; public education in the New England colonies and how it differed from the southern colonies, different patterns of family life; different ideals among diverse religious groups, social classes, and cultures; different roles and status of men and women)
   5. Understands the similarities and differences in colonial concepts of community (e.g., Puritan's covenant community, Chesapeake colonial emphasis on individualism)
   6. Understands the elements of ethnic, class, and race relations in conflicts between backwoodsmen and planters of colonial America (e.g., Bacon's Rebellion, Leisler's Rebellion, the Carolina Regulators and Paxton Boys revolts)

 A  = Assessment items available