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List of Benchmarks for United States History

Standard 3.Understands why the Americas attracted Europeans, why they brought enslaved Africans to their colonies and how Europeans struggled for control of North America and the Caribbean
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Understands the lives of free and indentured immigrants who came to North America and the Caribbean from Europe (e.g., religious, political, and economic motives of free immigrants from different parts of Europe; why indentured servants risked the hardships of bound labor overseas; opportunities and challenges encountered by European immigrants)
   2. Understands growth and change in the European colonies during the two centuries following their founding (e.g., the arrival of Africans in the European colonies in the 17th century, the rapid increase of slave importation in the 18th century)  A 
   3. Understands peaceful and conflicting interaction between English settlers and Native Americans in the New England, Mid-Atlantic, Chesapeake, and lower South colonies (e.g., how Native American and European societies influenced one another, differing European and Native American views of the land and its use)  A 
   4. Understands the similarities and differences in backgrounds, motivations, and occupational skills between people in the English settlements and those in the French and Spanish settlements
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands the cultural and environmental impacts of European settlement in North America (e.g., friendly and conflictory relations between English, French, Spanish, and Dutch settlers and Native Americans; how various Native American societies changed as a result of the expanding European settlements and how they influenced European societies; the impact of the fur trade on the environment)
   2. Understands the events that culminated in the English victory over the French in the Seven Years War, and why the war and its outcomes were significant
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands social and economic characteristics of European colonization in the 17th and 18th centuries (e.g., changing immigration and settlement patterns of Puritans, Quakers, Germans, and Scots-Irish; the slave trade and chattel slavery in the Spanish, English, and French Caribbean, Louisiana, the Dutch West Indies, and Chesapeake)
   2. Understands the events and consequences of the Seven Years War (e.g., the significance of the Peace of Paris, options left to Native Americans)
   3. Understands the nature of the interaction between Native Americans and various settlers (e.g., Native American involvement in the European wars for control between 1675 and 1763, how Native American societies responded to European land hunger and expansion)

 A  = Assessment items available