Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference



List of Benchmarks for United States History

Standard 28.Understands domestic policies in the post-World War II period
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Understands the civil rights movement during President Truman's presidency (e.g., his support of civil rights, the effect on the Democratic party)
   2. Understands the impact of the Kennedy and Johnson administrations on domestic affairs (e.g., the domestic policies of the "New Frontier," legislation and programs enacted during Johnson’s presidency, how Jacqueline Kennedy developed the Camelot images to depict her husband’s presidency)
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands the domestic policies of Presidents Truman and Eisenhower (e.g., Eisenhower's "Modern Republicanism," Truman's Fair Deal program for securing fair employment practices, desegregation, civil rights, and race relations)
   2. Understands the role of McCarthyism in the early Cold War period (e.g., the rise of McCarthysim, the effect of McCarthyism on civil liberties, and McCarthy's fall from power; the connection between post-war Soviet espionage and internal security and loyalty programs under Truman and Eisenhower)
   3. Understands the legacy of the New Frontier and Great Society domestic programs (e.g., the effectiveness of the Great Society programs, the second environmental movement, how the two programs differed, the impact of the Kennedy assassination on the passage of reform legislation during the Johnson administration, how Kennedy’s and Johnson’s leadership styles differed, factors that contributed to greater public support for Great Society)
   4. Understands the major issues of the 1960 presidential campaign and Kennedy's stance on each (e.g., the central domestic and foreign issues that divided Kennedy and Nixon, the extent to which religion was an issue in the campaign, how Kennedy responded to the Cold War issues)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands different social and economic elements of the Truman and Eisenhower administrations (e.g., Truman’s policies in labor relations, housing, education and health; postwar reaction to the labor movement, how Eisenhower’s domestic and foreign policy priorities contrasted with his predecessors)
   2. Understands characteristics of the Kennedy presidency (e.g., the role of the media in the election of 1960; Kennedy’s commitment to liberalism and his ideas about citizenship, rights, and responsibilities)
   3. Understands the various anti-communist movements after World War II (e.g., causes and consequences of the second "Red Scare" that emerged after World War II)
   4. Understands characteristics of the Johnson presidency (e.g., how Johnson’s presidential leadership contrasted with and was affected by the Kennedy legacy)