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List of Benchmarks for United States History

Standard 26.Understands the economic boom and social transformation of post-World War II United States
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Understands the impact of postwar scientific research on contemporary society (e.g., the work of pioneers in modern scientific research, the significance of research and scientific breakthroughs in promoting the U.S. space program)  A 
   2. Understands how the American economy changed in the post-World War II period (e.g., reasons for sustained economic growth, economic opportunities for members of the armed forces)
   3. Understands influences on American society during the post-World War II years (e.g., the effects of the G.I. Bill, the influence of popular culture and the mass media)
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands agricultural innovation and consolidation in the postwar period and their impact on the world economy
   2. Understands the immediate social, political, and economic impacts on America after World War II (e.g., the economic and political effects of demobilization and reconversion; the growth and impact of opportunities in the service, white collar, and professional sectors in government and business; the growth of the middle class)
   3. Understands how American society changed after World War II (e.g., reasons for the "return to domesticity" and the effect on family life and women’s careers)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands scientific and technological developments in America after World War II (e.g., the new system of scientific research and development, advances in medical science and how they improved the standard of living and changed demographic patterns, the global influence of the communications revolution ushered in by American technology)
   2. Understands influences on the American economy after World War II (e.g., the impact of the Cold War, increased defense spending, the U.S. economy in relation to Europe and Asian economies)
   3. Understands the socioeconomic factors of the post-World War II period in America (e.g., the gap between poverty and the rising affluence of the middle class, the extent of poverty in post-World War II America)
   4. Understands social, religious, cultural, and economic changes at the onset of the Cold War era (e.g., the causes and results of new governmental spending on educational programs, the expansion of suburbanization and the impact of the "crabgrass frontier," the role of religion, the impact of the GI Bill on higher education, how the Cold War influenced the lives and roles of women, how artists and writers portrayed the effects of alienation on the individual and society after 1945)

 A  = Assessment items available