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United States History

Standard 21.Understands the changing role of the United States in world affairs through World War I
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Understands various U.S. foreign policies in the early part of the 20th century (e.g., the Open Door policy; places the U.S. claimed, occupied, or protected in the Caribbean after the Spanish-American War; the importance of the Panama Canal)
   2. Understands World War I prior to U.S. intervention (e.g., the causes in 1914, reasons for declaration of U.S. neutrality, locations of Allied and Central Powers, the extent of war in Europe and the use of new weapons and technology)
   3. Understands U.S. involvement in World War I (e.g., how the American Expeditionary Force contributed to the Allied victory, Wilson’s Fourteen Points, the negotiation of the Versailles Treaty, the national debate over treaty ratification and the League of Nations)
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands different types of U.S. diplomacy in the early 20th century and how they were applied (e.g., Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policies, U.S. relations with Japan and the "Gentleman’s Agreement," American diplomatic initiatives in East Asia, differences between Taft’s dollar diplomacy and Roosevelt’s big stick diplomacy)
   2. Understands the development of World War I (e.g., the influence of industrial research in aviation and chemical warfare on military strategy and the war’s outcome, how technological developments contributed to the war’s brutality, the system of alliances through which European nations sought to protect their interests, how nationalism and militarism contributed to the outbreak, how the war expanded to become a world war)
   3. Understands the United States’ intervention in World War I (e.g., the impact of U.S. public opinion on the Wilson administration’s evolving foreign policy during the period 1914 to 1917, Wilson’s leadership during the period of neutrality and his reasons for U.S. intervention)
   4. Understands the impact of the United States involvement in World War I (e.g., U.S. military and economic mobilizations for war and the role of labor, women, and African Americans in the war effort; World War I military engagements and the campaigns in which the American Expeditionary Force participated; the impact of the war on American troops; Wilson’s goals in recommending the establishment of a League of Nations)
   5. Understands the significance of the Russian Revolution, its impact on the war and on the foreign policies of the U.S. and Allied powers
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands U.S. foreign policy and involvement in foreign countries in the early 20th century (e.g., Wilson’s moral diplomacy and the Mexican Revolution, the commercial basis of foreign policy in East Asia, the Roosevelt Corollary and its connection to the Monroe Doctrine, the U.S. role in the Panama Revolution of 1903)
   2. Understands the causes, course, and impact of World War I prior to U.S. entry (e.g., motivations of leading world powers, the relative success of nations in mobilizing their resources and populations, the relative success of their propaganda campaigns to influence neutral nations, the successes of military strategies, the general spirit of disillusionment)
   3. Understands how the home front influenced and was influenced by U.S. involvement in World War I (e.g., the impact of public opinion and government policies on constitutional interpretation and civil liberties, the events of Wilson’s second term; the role of various organizations in the mobilization effort; the "Great Migration" of African Americans to northern cities)
   4. Understands influences on the outcome of World War I (e.g., how point six of the Fourteen Points dealt specifically with Russia, the effectiveness of the Versailles Treaty)