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United States History

Standard 13.Understands the causes of the Civil War
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Understands slavery prior to the Civil War (e.g., the importance of slavery as a principal cause of the Civil War, the growing influence of abolitionists, childrens’ roles and family life under slavery)  A 
   2. Knows the locations of the southern and northern states and their economic resources (e.g., the industries and small family farms of the industrial North, the agricultural economy and slavery of the South)
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands the economic, social, and cultural differences between the North and South (e.g., how the free labor system of the North differed from that of the South)
   2. Understands the development of sectional polarization and secession prior to the Civil War (e.g., how events after the Compromise of 1850 and the Dred Scott decision impacted sectional differences, southern justification for secession, the presidential leadership of Buchanan and Lincoln during the secession crisis)
   3. Understands issues other than slavery that led to the Civil War (e.g., the appeal of the Northern "free labor" ideology in preventing the further extension of slavery in the new territories; cultural differences, conflicting economic issues, opposing constitutional perspectives)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands the reasons for the disruption of the second American party system and how this led to the ascent of the Republican party in the 1850s
   2. Understands events that fueled the political and sectional conflicts over slavery and ultimately polarized the North and the South (e.g., the Missouri Compromise, the Wilmot Proviso, the Kansas-Nebraska Act)

 A  = Assessment items available