Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference



United States History

Standard 1.Understands the characteristics of societies in the Americas, Western Europe, and Western Africa that increasingly interacted after 1450
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Understands the migration and settlement patterns of peoples in the Americas (e.g., the archaeological and geological evidence that explains the movement of people from Asia to the Americas, the spread of human societies and the rise of diverse cultures from hunter-gatherers to urban dwellers, use of the Bering land bridge)
   2. Understands the significance of beliefs held by both Native Americans and Europeans (e.g., Native American beliefs about their origins in America, ideas of land use held by Native Americans and Europeans)  A 
   3. Understands social, economic, and cultural characteristics of European society (e.g., the customary European family organization, gender roles, property holding, education and literacy, linguistic diversity, religion)
   4. Knows the geographic characteristics of Western and Central Africa and understands the impact of geography on settlement patterns, cultural traits, and trade (e.g., in political kingdoms such as Mali, Songhai, and Benin; in urban centers such as Timbuktu and Jenne)
   5. Compares political, social, economic, and religious systems of Africans, Europeans, and Native Americans who converged in the western hemisphere after 1492 (e.g., concepts of political authority, civic values, and the organization and practice of government; population levels, urbanization, family structure, and modes of communication; systems of labor, trade, concepts of property, and exploitation of natural resources; dominant ideas and values including religious beliefs and practices, gender roles, and attitudes toward nature)
   6. Understands the economic, social, and cultural influence of location and physical geography on different Native American societies (e.g., Iroquois and Pueblo, Northwest and Southeast societies)  A 
   7. Understands how the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca united to form the Iroquois nation and to solve conflicts peaceably
   8. Knows legends of pre-Columbus explorations and understands how they may have contributed to the age of exploration and settlement in the Americas   A 
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands the rise and decline of the Mississippian mound-building society
   2. Understands the role of religion in Western Europe during the age of exploration (e.g., the causes and consequences of European Crusades in Iberia, connections between the Christian crusading tradition and European overseas exploration, dissent within the Catholic Church and beliefs and ideas of leading religious reformers)
   3. Understands the influence of Islam in Western Africa in the 15th and 16th centuries (e.g. interactions between Islam and local religious beliefs)
   4. Understands the scientific and technological factors (e.g., navigational knowledge, advances in shipbuilding) that contributed to the age of exploration and settlement in the Americas
   5. Understands ways in which European societal views (e.g., attitudes toward property and the environment) influenced European perspectives of other cultures during the period of exploration and early settlement
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands economic changes in Western Europe in the age of exploration (e.g., major institutions of capitalism; the effects of the emerging capitalist economy on agricultural production, manufacturing, and the uses of labor)
   2. Understands the similarities and differences among Native American societies (e.g., gender roles; patterns of social organization; cultural traditions; economic organization; political culture; among Hopi, Zuni, Algonkian, Iroquoian, Moundbuilder, and Mississippian cultures)
   3. Understands the social, economic, and political factors that stimulated overseas exploration (e.g., the rise of centralized states, the development of urban centers, the expansion of commerce, the spirit of individualism and how it affected cross-cultural contacts with new peoples)
   4. Understands the characteristics of Western African societies, such as Mali, Songhai, and Benin, in the 15th and 16th centuries (e.g., the economic importance of the trans-Saharan slave trade; the response of African states to early European coastal trading and raiding; general features of family organization, labor division, agriculture, manufacturing, trade)
   5. Understands how values and beliefs in Native American origin stories explain other facets of Native American culture (e.g., migration, settlement, interactions with the environment)
   6. Understands different European perceptions of Native American societies during the years of exploration (e.g., John White’s vs. Theodore deBry’s)

 A  = Assessment items available