Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference



List of Benchmarks for Grades K-4 History

Standard 7.Understands selected attributes and historical developments of societies in Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Not appropriate at this level
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Understands the main ideas found in folktales, stories of great heroism, fables, legends, and myths from around the world that reflect the beliefs and ways of living of various cultures in times past
   2. Knows the holidays and ceremonies of different societies (e.g., Christmas celebrations in Scandinavia, Germany, or England; Cinco de Mayo; the Chinese New Year; the Japanese tea ceremony; harvest and spring festivals)
   3. Understands the daily life, history, and beliefs of a country as reflected in dance, music, or the other art forms (such as paintings, sculptures, and masks)
   4. Knows the journeys of Marco Polo and Christopher Columbus, the routes they took, and what happened as a result of their travels
  Level II (Grade 3-4)
   1. Understands how historians learn about the past if there are no written records  A 
   2. Knows the effects geography has had on the different aspects of societies (e.g., the development of urban centers, food, clothing, industry, agriculture, shelter, trade)
   3. Understands various aspects of family life, structures, and roles in different cultures and in many eras (e.g., medieval families, matrilineal families in Africa, extended families in China)
   4. Knows about life in urban areas and communities of various cultures of the world at various times in their history (e.g., Rome, Tenochtitl n, Timbuktu, a medieval European city)
   5. Knows significant historical achievements of various cultures of the world (e.g., the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Taj Mahal in India, pyramids in Egypt, temples in ancient Greece, bridges and aqueducts in ancient Rome)
   6. Knows about the migrations of large groups in the past and recently (e.g., Native American ancestors across the Bering land bridge; the Bantu migrations in Africa; the movement of Europeans and Africans to the Western Hemisphere; the exodus of Vietnamese boat people, Haitians, and Cubans)
   7. Knows about European explorers of the 15th and 16th centuries, their reasons for exploring, the information gained from their journeys, and what happened as a result of their travels (e.g., Christopher Columbus, Marco Polo, Eric the Red, Zheng He, Ferdinand Magellan, Vasco de Gama, Jacques Cartier)
   8. Knows about the various crops, foods, and animals that were transported from the Western Hemisphere and from the Eastern Hemisphere as a result of the "Columbian Exchange" (e.g., tomato, corn, cassava, potato; horse, cattle, sugar cane)
   9. Understands the different perspectives and major arguments surrounding the Columbian encounter

 A  = Assessment items available