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List of Benchmarks for Grades K-4 History

Standard 5.Understands the causes and nature of movements of large groups of people into and within the United States, now and long ago
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Not appropriate at this level
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Understands what life was like for children and families "on the trail" when they moved from one part of the U.S. to another
  Level II (Grade 3-4)
   1. Knows the various movements (westward, northward, and eastward) of large groups of people in the history of the U.S.
   2. Knows about the forced relocation of Native Americans and how their lives, rights, and territories were affected by European colonization and expansion of the U.S. (e.g., Spanish colonization of the Southwest, Tecumseh’s resistance to Indian removal, the Cherokee Trail of Tears, Black Hawk’s War, the movement of the Nez Perce)
   3. Understands the experience of immigrant groups (e.g., where they came from, why they left, travel experiences, ports of entry and immigration screening, the opportunities and obstacles they encountered when they arrived; changes that occurred when they moved to the United States)  A 
   4. Knows the reasons why various groups (e.g., freed African Americans, Mexican and Puerto Rican migrant workers, Dust Bowl farm families) migrated to different parts of the U.S.
   5. Understands the experiences of those who moved from farm to city during the periods when cities grew

 A  = Assessment items available