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List of Benchmarks for Grades K-4 History

Standard 3.Understands the people, events, problems, and ideas that were significant in creating the history of their state
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Not appropriate at this level
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Understands through legends, myths, and archaeological evidence the origins and culture of early Native Americans or Hawaiians who lived in the state or region
   2. Knows ways in which early explorers and settlers adapted to, used, and changed the environment of the state or region
   3. Understands the reasons different groups came to the state or region
   4. Understands the different lives, plans, and dreams of the various racial and ethnic groups who lived in the state 100-200 years ago
   5. Understands how symbols, slogans, and mottoes represent the state
   6. Knows important buildings, statues, and monuments in the state's history
  Level II (Grade 3-4)
   1. Understands differences between the lives of Native Americans or Hawaiians today and their lives 100 years ago
   2. Understands geographic, economic, and religious reasons that brought the first explorers and settlers to the state or region, who they were, and where they settled
   3. Understands the interactions that occurred between the Native Americans or Hawaiians and the first European, African, and Asian-Pacific explorers and settlers in the state or region
   4. Knows about the first inhabitants who lived in the state or region, each successive group of arrivals and their countries (or origin), and significant changes that developed as a result of each group's arrival
   5. Understands the reasons recent immigrants came to the state or region, what their lives were like, and their experiences of adjustment (e.g., problems and opportunities experienced in housing, the workplace, and the community)
   6. Understands patterns and changes in population over a period of time in a city or town in the state or region
   7. Knows the chronological order of major historical events that are part of the states's history, their significance and the impact on people then and now, and their relationship to the history of the nation
   8. Understands major historical events and developments in the state or region that involved interaction among various groups
   9. Understands the influence of geography on the history of the state or region, and issues and approaches to problems (e.g., land use, environmental problems)
   10. Understands how the ideas of significant people affected the history of the state
   11. Understands the unique historical conditions that influenced the formation of the state and how statehood was granted
   12. Knows the origin of the names of places, rivers, cities, and counties, and knows the various cultural influences within a particular region