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Early Childhood

Standard 4.Children develop the ability to understand the world around, including mathematical and scientific
  0-9 months
   1. Searches for a missing object or person (e.g., looks for a toy that dropped or a parent that left the room, notices when something is added or removed).
   2. Explores the size and shape of objects, focusing on one object at time while noticing differences between them (e.g., explores toys with hands and mouth, empties and fills a container with toys, touches hard and soft objects differently)
  8-18 months
   1. Experiments with cause-and-effect (e.g., combines simple actions to cause things to happen, makes changes to his/her actions to observe the effect, purposefully repeats actions)
   2. Uses a variety of ways to approach a problem, reach a goal, or figure out how something works (e.g., uses trial and error, uses objects as tools, asks for help, mimics others’ actions)
   3. Remembers familiar people, places, and actions (e.g., remembers people and their typical actions, knows where objects belong, seeks missing objects or people, demonstrates familiarity with the steps of a routine)
   4. Remembers familiar people, places, and actions (e.g., remembers people and their typical actions, knows where objects belong, seeks missing objects or people, demonstrates familiarity with the steps of a routine)
   5. Uses objects in the way they were intended (e.g., pretends to feed a doll with a bowl and spoon) and in unconventional ways (e.g., pretends that a banana is a telephone)
   6. Understands that there are different amounts of things (e.g., uses signs or words to communicate "more" or "all done") Attends to colors, shapes, and sizes (e.g., looks at crayons before choosing a color, plays with a shape sorter and stacking containers, matches two objects that are the same, places a lid on a container)
   7. Understands simple spatial relationships (e.g., uses trial and error to discover how things move and fit in space, uses a landmark to find an object, explores spaces with their bodies)
  16-36 months
   1. Understands simple cause and effect in daily life (e.g., makes predictions about what will happen, expects certain things to happen as a result of actions, identifies or asks about what caused something to happen)
   2. Develops problem solving skills when challenged (e.g., solves some problems without having to physically try out every possible solution; asks adults or peers for help; uses tools or materials to solve a problem, such as moving a stool to reach a shelf)
   3. Remembers details about objects, people, animals, places, songs, and actions (e.g., anticipates the series of steps in familiar activities; recalls characteristics of the environment or people in it; briefly describes recent past events or acts them out; knows repetitive parts to familiar songs or stories; searches for objects in different places).
   4. Engages in make-believe play (e.g., involves several sequenced steps, assigned roles, and an overall plan; uses an object to represent something else; sometimes pretends with imagined objects)
   5. Matches and sorts according to color, shape, or size (e.g., groups objects into multiple piles based on one attribute at a time, puts things that are similar but not identical into one group)
   6. Understands words that identify how much (e.g., one, two, more, less)
   7. Attempts to count small groups of objects (e.g., counts "one, two, five" or "two, two, two")