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Early Childhood

Standard 3.Children use imitation, exploration, and play to acquire knowledge and solve problems
  0-9 months
   1. Uses senses to explore people and objects in his/her environment (e.g., looks at and puts objects in mouth; reacts to new sights, sounds, textures, and tastes).
   2. Pays attention to objects and people in his/her environment (e.g., plays with one toy for a few minutes, repeatedly reaches for a desired toy, tracks an object).
   3. Imitates other people’s gestures, expressions, and sounds (e.g., copies an adult’s movements when playing pat-a-cake or peek-a-boo, returns a smile, babbles in response to an adult’s voice).
   4. Repeats an action to get an expected response (e.g., shakes a rattle or bangs a spoon to make noise, kicks or swats a mobile, fills and empties containers)
  8-18 months
   1. Uses the information received from the senses to explore and react to the environment (e.g., experiments with the feel and tastes of different foods; adjusts walking for different surfaces; plays with water, sand, and play dough)
   2. Focuses attention on a chosen toy or activity (e.g., repeats successful, enjoyable, or predictable experiences; works to reach a goal) and shows a willingness to overcome frustration (e.g., walks, falls down, and gets back up several times; persists in looking for a favorite toy)
   3. Imitates others’ expressions (e.g., copies gestures, words, or sounds immediately after witnessing them) and actions (e.g., imitates routines that have more than one step, copies actions that they have observed at an earlier time).
  16-36 months
   1. Processes new information and adapts to new experiences (e.g., shows a willingness to try new things, seeks more information about people and things around him/her, combines the information received from the senses to inform the way he/she interacts with the environment)
   2. Focuses and maintains attention on a person or preferred activity (e.g., requests to hear the same book repeatedly, wants to complete activities, sometimes pays attention to more than one thing at a time)