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Early Childhood

Standard 1.Children develop physical abilities and healthy practices
  0-9 months
   1. Develops sleep routines (e.g., sleeps for longer periods at a time, sleeps more at night and less during the day, shows alertness during waking periods
   2. Shows characteristics of healthy development (e.g., grows appropriately according to height and weight charts; focuses eyes on near and far objects; responds to sound, movement, and touch)
   3. Anticipates and participates in personal care routines (e.g., opens mouth for food, kicks legs in anticipation of a diaper change, places hands on bottle when feeding)
   4. Gains strength and control of head, neck, and body (e.g., turns head; lifts head, shoulders, and forearms while lying down; support self on flexed elbows)
   5. Demonstrates beginning coordination and balance (e.g., makes repetitive or purposeful motions with arms and legs, shifts from sitting to other positions, rocks on hands and knees, scoots, rolls over, tummy crawls)
   6. Controls small muscles in hands (e.g., grasps, holds, shakes, and releases objects; uses hand in raking or sweeping motion; holds small block using thumb and fingertips)
   7. Develops hand-eye coordination (e.g., follows a moving object with eyes; reaches for objects; looks at an object in hand while bringing it to mouth; transfers an object from one hand to the other)
  8-18 months
   1. Shows characteristics of healthy development (e.g., grows appropriately according to height and weight charts; gets adequate sleep, demonstrates the stamina and energy to participate in daily activities)
   2. Participates in personal care routines (e.g., grasps cup; feeds self finger food; cooperates with mouth-care, hand-washing, diapering, dressing, and bathing)
   3. Gains motor control and balance using the large muscles in the body (e.g., cruises, crawls, walks)
   4. Moves body, arms, and legs with coordination (e.g., repeats movements, pushes or pulls a toy, throws a ball, uses riding toys)
   5. Controls small muscles in hands (e.g., mimics hand clapping or waving good-bye, uses pincher grasp, points with index finger)
   6. Develops hand-eye coordination to manipulate objects (e.g., transfers an object from hand to hand; uses a spoon, toy hammer, or crayon; squeezes objects; stacks blocks; turns pages of a book )
  16-36 months
   1. Initiates and follows through with some personal care routines (e.g., washes hands, gets a tissue to wipe nose, pulls shoes off, drinks from a cup)
   2. Cooperates with safety instructions (e.g., holds adult’s hand when crossing street, responds appropriately to warnings such as "hot" or "stop")
   3. Demonstrates travelling and balancing skills (e.g., changes speed and direction while running, walks backwards a few feet, walks up and down stairs, jumps forward a few inches, climbs, balances on one foot for a second or two)
   4. Demonstrates the ability to manipulate objects using gross motor skills (e.g., kicks, throws, and catches a ball, but with little control; pedals a trike or pushes a riding toy)
   5. Develops control and coordination of the fingers, wrists, and hands (e.g., opens a door by turning the handle, holds a marker with thumb and finger, uses one hand to hold and drink from a cup, digs in sand with a spoon or shovel)
   6. Coordinates eye and hand movements (e.g., strings large wooden beads onto a shoelace, stacks three or more blocks on top of each other, places puzzle pieces, uses shape sorters)