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Common Core English Language Arts

StrandLanguage
  Grades 9-10
   L.9-10.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
   L.9-10.1.a. Use parallel structure.
   L.9-10.1.b. Use various types of phrases (noun, verb, adjectival, adverbial, participial, prepositional, absolute) and clauses (independent, dependent; noun, relative, adverbial) to convey specific meanings and add variety and interest to writing or presentations.
   L.9-10.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
   L.9-10.2.a. Use a semicolon (and perhaps a conjunctive adverb) to link two or more closely related independent clauses.
   L.9-10.2.b. Use a colon to introduce a list or quotation.
   L.9-10.2.c. Spell correctly.
   L.9-10.3. Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.
   L.9-10.3.a. Write and edit work so that it conforms to the guidelines in a style manual (e.g., MLA Handbook, Turabian’s Manual for Writers) appropriate for the discipline and writing type.
   L.9-10.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 9-10 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
   L.9-10.4.a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
   L.9-10.4.b. Identify and correctly use patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or parts of speech (e.g., analyze, analysis, analytical; advocate, advocacy).
   L.9-10.4.c. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning, its part of speech, or its etymology.
   L.9-10.4.d. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary).
   L.9-10.5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
   L.9-10.5.a. Interpret figures of speech (e.g., euphemism, oxymoron) in context and analyze their role in the text.
   L.9-10.5.b. Analyze nuances in the meaning of words with similar denotations.
   L.9-10.6. Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.
  Grades 11-12
   L.11-12.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
   L.11-12.1.a. Apply the understanding that usage is a matter of convention, can change over time, and is sometimes contested.
   L.11-12.1.b. Resolve issues of complex or contested usage, consulting references (e.g., Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of English Usage, Garner’s Modern American Usage) as needed.
   L.11-12.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
   L.11-12.2.a. Observe hyphenation conventions.
   L.11-12.2.b. Spell correctly.
   L.11-12.3. Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.
   L.11-12.3.a. Vary syntax for effect, consulting references (e.g., Tufte’s Artful Sentences) for guidance as needed; apply an understanding of syntax to the study of complex texts when reading.
   L.11-12.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 11-12 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
   L.11-12.4.a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
   L.11-12.4.b. Identify and correctly use patterns of word changes that indicate different meanings or parts of speech (e.g., conceive, conception, conceivable).
   L.11-12.4.c. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning, its part of speech, its etymology, or its standard usage.
   L.11-12.4.d. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary).
   L.11-12.5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
   L.11-12.5.a. Interpret figures of speech (e.g., hyperbole, paradox) in context and analyze their role in the text.
   L.11-12.5.b. Analyze nuances in the meaning of words with similar denotations.
   L.11-12.6. Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.