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Historical Understanding

Standard 2.Understands the historical perspective
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   1. Knows how to view the past in terms of the norms and values of the time
   2. Understands that specific individuals had a great impact on history
   3. Understands that specific ideas had an impact on history
   4. Understands that "chance events" had an impact on history
   5. Understands that specific decisions and events had an impact on history
   6. Evaluates historical fiction according to the accuracy of its content and the author's interpretation
   7. Predicts how events might have turned out differently in one's local community if specific individuals or groups had chosen different courses of action
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands that specific individuals and the values those individuals held had an impact on history
   2. Analyzes the influence specific ideas and beliefs had on a period of history
   3. Analyzes the effect that specific "chance events" had on history
   4. Analyzes the effects specific decisions had on history
   5. Understands that historical accounts are subject to change based on newly uncovered records and interpretations
   6. Knows different types of primary and secondary sources and the motives, interests, and bias expressed in them (e.g., eyewitness accounts, letters, diaries, artifacts, photos; magazine articles, newspaper accounts, hearsay)  A 
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Analyzes the values held by specific people who influenced history and the role their values played in influencing history
   2. Analyzes the influences specific ideas and beliefs had on a period of history and specifies how events might have been different in the absence of those ideas and beliefs
   3. Analyzes the effects that specific "chance events" had on history and specifies how things might have been different in the absence of those events
   4. Analyzes the effects specific decisions had on history and studies how things might have been different in the absence of those decisions
   5. Understands that the consequences of human intentions are influenced by the means of carrying them out
   6. Understands that change and continuity are equally probable and natural
   7. Knows how to avoid seizing upon particular lessons of history as cures for present ills
   8. Understands how past events are affected by the irrational (e.g., the assassination of John F. Kennedy or Archduke Francis Ferdinand) and the accidental (e.g., the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus)
   9. Analyzes how specific historical events would be interpreted differently based on newly uncovered records and/or information
   10. Understands how the past affects our private lives and society in general
   11. Knows how to perceive past events with historical empathy
   12. Knows how to evaluate the credibility and authenticity of historical sources
   13. Evaluates the validity and credibility of different historical interpretations
   14. Uses historical maps to understand the relationship between historical events and geography
    

 A  = Assessment items available