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Family/Consumer Sciences

Standard 11.Understands important concepts and skills related to careers in early childhood education and services
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Knows major theories of human development (e.g., Freud’s theory of personality development, Erickson’s theory of ego development, Skinner’s theory of the environmental effects on behavior, Piaget’s theory of the development of thought and reasoning)
   2. Understands the impact of the family on the development of individuals and interpersonal relationships (e.g., family roles and responsibilities; communication patterns; family conflicts and crises; family beliefs, customs, and culture; child abuse)
   3. Knows various factors that influence growth and development (e.g., genetics and heredity, environment, developmental disorders, glandular functioning)
   4. Knows procedures that are used to plan for early childhood education and services (e.g., various child development assessment methods, practices that determine the special needs of children)
   5. Knows activities that promote development in children and adolescents (e.g., visual, auditory, tactile, outdoor, and indoor activities that promote motor skills, creativity, language development, cognitive development, and social development)
   6. Knows various instructional methods used to meet children’s developmental needs and interests (e.g., methods that account for the different needs of children; methods such as modeling, encouraging independence, and using positive reinforcement)
   7. Understands the principles of positive interaction, guidance, and discipline as they relate to the development of self-control and positive self-concepts in children
   8. Knows the components of a safe and healthy living environment for children (e.g., physical spaces, safety and health practices, healthy meals and snacks, illness and disease prevention, security and emergency procedures)
   9. Knows factors that affect the quality of a caregiving setting (e.g., equipment, space, staff, environment, program)
   10. Knows various types of caregiving services (e.g., privately owned centers, industry-supported centers, after-school programs, play groups, cooperative child care, church-linked programs, in-home care, government-supported centers)
   11. Knows nutritional needs and appropriate feeding practices for infants and children
   12. Knows techniques that can be used for positive, collaborative relationships with children (e.g., establishing developmentally appropriate guidelines for behavior) and parents (e.g., identifying opportunities for parental involvement in the child care setting)
   13. Understands legal issues related to child care (e.g., custody, corporal punishment, transporting children, medical emergencies)
   14. Knows various societal issues that affect the quality of life for children (e.g., child abuse, divorce, drugs, latch-key children, teen parents)
   15. Understands family factors that affect young children (e.g., type of family, number in the family, family economics, family activities, educational level, family work)
   16. Understands the needs (e.g., physical, social, emotional, intellectual) of children with special conditions (e.g., orthopedically impaired, visually impaired, emotionally conflicted)
   17. Knows causes, indications of, and procedures for dealing with instances of child abuse