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List of Benchmarks for Family/Consumer Sciences

Standard 10.Understands how knowledge and skills related to child development affect the well-being of individuals, families, and society
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Knows the basic needs of children (e.g., food, clothing, shelter, safety, security, love, acceptance)
   2. Knows factors affecting the decision to parent (e.g., personal goals and priorities, genetic history, resources, cultural and societal factors, individual readiness)
   3. Understands parenting roles, expectations, and responsibilities across the life span and in different cultures and societies
   4. Understands the components of prenatal development and care (e.g., stages of prenatal development, nutritional needs during pregnancy, environmental and genetic factors that affect prenatal development, the process of delivery)
   5. Understands the physical and emotional factors related to beginning the parenting process (e.g., the biological processes and emotional factors related to prenatal development, birth, and health of child and mother; the implications of alternatives to biological parenthood; the impact of pregnancy on the family)
   6. Understands the various factors that impact human growth and development (e.g., heredity and environment, social, economic, and technological forces; gender, ethnicity, and culture; life events)
   7. Knows nurturing practices that support human growth and development (e.g., using positive role modeling behaviors; using communication strategies that promote positive self-esteem in family members; selecting care and services for children)
   8. Understands ways to guide the physical, social, emotional, and intellectual development of children (e.g., knows activities that promote healthy growth and development; knows procedures for handling safety, first aid, and emergency situations; select toys, equipment, food, and materials appropriate for the developmental stage of a child; knows childhood diseases and immunization procedures)
   9. Understands the effect of play in the development of children (e.g., understands that play promotes physical, cognitive, emotional, and social development; knows strategies parents may use to encourage constructive play)
   10. Understands factors that influence child care practices (e.g., single-parent or nuclear family, only child or sibling, economic level, family goals and standards, family work, educational level, social mores, cultural traditions)
   11. Knows family issues that affect the home environment of children (e.g., child abuse, drugs, latch-key children)
   12. Understands how various styles of parenting affect the development of children (e.g., authoritarian, democratic, permissive)
   13. Knows external support systems that provide services for parents (e.g., community resources that provide opportunities related to parenting, current laws and policies related to parenting)