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List of Benchmarks for Arts and Communication

Standard 5.Knows a range of arts and communication works from various historical and cultural periods
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Knows the cultural and historical context of various art forms (e.g., events during the stylistic movements in theatre, including realism, romanticism, absurdism, Greek, Roman, English Renaissance, contemporary, and modern; events from major periods associated with music, including Renaissance, Baroque, Classic, Romantic, contemporary; the role of dance in the development of different cultures)
   2. Understands the relationship between a given culture and its artistic forms (e.g., ways in which culture influences the content and production values of theatre, television, and film; social, cultural, ecological, economic, religious, and political conditions that influence the function, meaning, and execution of works of art; ways in which recognized artists recorded, affected, or influenced change in a historical, cultural, or religious context)
   3. Understands diverse cultural contributions to American art forms (e.g., sources of American music genres including blues, swing, gospel; the influence of other cultures on American visual artists)
   4. Knows the cross-cultural relationships among art objects, motifs, designs, and themes of separate societies (e.g., treatment of similar themes in drama of different genres and styles from various cultures and historical periods)
   5. Knows art forms that reflect cultural elements of the local community (e.g., folk art, utilitarian objects, community environment (landscape and architecture), works of local professional artists and craftsmen)
   6. Knows similarities and differences among the lives, works, and influence of representative individuals in various art forms from different cultures and historical periods (e.g., composers in music, artists, dancers, actors and actresses)
   7. Knows forms of communication media from different historical periods (e.g., print and non-print media forms such as broadsheets, newspapers, radio broadcasts, television news broadscasts, the Internet; forms of entertainment such as radio shows, movies, television shows, music videos)